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Table 2 Family and home environment and likelihood of adolescents watching television ≥ 2 hours/day.

From: Family and home correlates of television viewing in 12–13 year old adolescents: The Nepean Study

Explanatory variables Prevalence (%) ≥ 2 hrs TV/day (n) OR (95% CI)†
Family characteristics
Socioeconomic status   
   Low 76.5 (26) 1.0
   Middle 65.2 (146) 0.6 (0.3, 1.3)
   High 62.7 (52) 0.5 (0.2, 1.3)
Parental status
   Dual parents 66.1 (199) 1.0
   Single parent 64.3 (27) 0.9 (0.5, 1.8)
Siblings
   No 47.8 (11) 1.0
   Yes 67.2 (215) 2.2 (1.0, 5.2)
Family television/video/DVD viewing practices
Mother   
   < 2 hrs/day 60.2 (148) 1.0
   ≥ 2 hrs/day 79.3 (73) 2.5 (1.5, 4.5)*
Father   
   < 2 hrs/day 62.4 (108) 1.0
   ≥ 2 hrs/day 70.0 (84) 1.4 (0.9, 2.3)
Adolescent watches television with parents   
   < 1 time/week 47.3 (35) 1.0
   => 1 time/week 71.2 (190) 2.8 (1.6, 4.7)**
Televisions in the home
Televisions in home   
   < 3 62.3 (149) 1.0
   ≥ 3 73.8 (76) 1.7 (1.0, 2.8)
Television in bedroom   
   No 63.0 (138) 1.0
   Yes 70.7 (87) 1.4 (0.9, 2.3)
Pay television   
   No 62.1 (157) 1.0
   Yes 76.4 (68) 2.0 (1.1, 3.4)*
DVD   
   No 60.4 (99) 1.0
   Yes 70.8 (126) 1.6 (1.0, 2.5)
Adolescent eating practices associated with television/video/DVD viewing
Eats dinner in front of television   
< 1 time/week 58.1 (104) 1.0
≥ 1 time/week 74.7 (121) 2.1 (1.3, 3.4)*
Eats snacks in front of television   
< 1 time/week 44.1 (41) 1.0
≥ 1 time/week 73.8 (183) 3.6 (2.2, 5.9)*
Eats dinner with parents in front of television   
< 1 time/week 60.7 (119) 1.0
≥ 1 time/week 72.6 (106) 1.7 (1.1, 2.7)*
Eat snacks with parents in front of television   
< 1 time/week 61.1 (135) 1.0
≥ 1 time/week 74.2 (89) 1.8 (1.1, 3.0)*
Adolescents' perception of parents' beliefs & rules
My parents make sure I don't watch too much television   
Disagree 63.9 (69) 1.0
Agree 65.3 (111) 1.1 (0.6, 1.8)
My parents switch off the television if they think I am watching too much   
Disagree 65.4 (104) 1.0
Agree 73.9 (88) 1.5 (0.9, 2.5)
My parents let me watch television when I do something good   
Disagree 66.3 (110) 1.0
Agree 65.6 (63) 1.0 (0.6, 1.7)
My parents monitor my activity levels so I wouldn't watch too much television   
Disagree 66.3 (126) 1.0
Agree 64.9 (61) 0.9 (0.6, 1.6)
Parents' rules for adolescent's television/video/DVD viewing‡
I do not allow the television on during meal times   
Agree 70.2 (66) 1.0
Disagree 72.4 (118) 1.0 (0.9, 1.2)
I allow my child to watch any television show he/she chooses   
Disagree 63.1 (154) 1.0
Agree 69.4 (43) 1.3 (0.7, 2.4)
I restrict how much time my child spends watching television   
Disagree 73.2 (30) 1.0
Agree 63.0 (133) 0.6 (0.3, 1.3)
My child is not allowed to watch television or play electronic games until his/her homework is done   
Disagree 68.2 (30) 1.0
Agree 64.5 (136) 0.9 (0.4, 1.7)
My partner and I have the same views about how much television our child should watch   
Disagree 60.0 (12) 1.0
Agree 63.6 (145) 1.2 (0.5, 3.0)
My partner supports the rules I make about when our child is able to watch television   
Disagree 56.3 (9) 1.0
Agree 64.1 (152) 1.4 (0.5, 3.9)
  1. † Odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) derived from chi-squared analysis; ‡ Parent report
  2. *P < 0.05; **P < 0.001