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Table 4 Percent (from first survey) and association of physical environmental factors (independent variables) to physical activity and active transport to school; OR = odds ratio, CI = confidence interval; models are adjusted for site, race/ethnicity, and grade

From: Girls' perception of physical environmental factors and transportation: reliability and association with physical activity and active transport to school

   Physical Activity Above vs. Below Median (n = 610) Active Transport to School (n = 609)
Survey Item Unadjusted %** OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Safety of Environment      
Safe walk/jog      
Agree a little/A lot 69.6 2.14 (1.31, 3.48)* 0.97 (0.58, 1.62)
Neither agree or disagree 14.1 1.50 (0.80, 2.80) 0.81 (0.41, 1.59)
Disagree a little/A lot 16.3 1.00   1.00  
Safe ride bike      
Agree a little/A lot 77.4 1.45 (0.85, 2.47) 0.87 (0.49, 1.56)
Neither agree or disagree 10.7 0.81 (0.39, 1.68) 0.77 (0.35, 1.69)
Disagree a little/A lot 11.9 1.00   1.00  
Seen by others      
Agree a little/A lot 72.0 1.03 (0.60, 1.76) 0.57 (0.31, 1.00)*
Neither agree or disagree 16.6 1.24 (0.64, 2.38) 0.64 (0.32, 1.28)
Disagree a little/A lot 11.5 1.00   1.00  
Traffic      
Disagree a little/A lot 72.6 0.91 (0.56, 1.48) 0.91 (0.53, 1.56)
Neither agree or disagree 12.4 0.73 (0.38, 1.40) 1.51 (0.75, 3.04)
Agree a little/A lot 14.9 1.00   1.00  
Crime in neighborhood      
Disagree a little/A lot 67.1 0.99 (0.63, 1.55) 1.01 (0.62, 1.66)
Neither agree or disagree 13.0 1.10 (0.60, 2.03) 1.45 (0.76, 2.79)
Agree a little/A lot 19.9 1.00   1.00  
See others playing      
Agree a little/A lot 70.3 1.42 (0.91, 2.22) 0.99 (0.60, 1.64)
Neither agree or disagree 10.6 1.38 (0.71, 2.66) 1.46 (0.71, 2.99)
Disagree a little/A lot 19.1 1.00   1.00  
Loose dogs      
Disagree a little/A lot 58.5 1.01 (0.67, 1.51) 1.25 (0.79, 1.98)
Neither agree or disagree 15.1 0.66 (0.38, 1.16) 1.46 (0.79, 2.69)
Agree a little/A lot 26.4 1.00   1.00  
Lighting      
Agree a little/A lot 49.5 1.40 (0.95, 2.08) 1.16 (0.75, 1.79)
Neither agree or disagree 18.0 1.02 (0.62, 1.70) 1.26 (0.72, 2.18)
Disagree a little/A lot 32.4 1.00   1.00  
Aesthetics of Environment      
Trees      
Agree a little/A lot 61.7 1.78 (1.17, 2.72)* 0.96 (0.61, 1.50)
Neither agree or disagree 13.7 1.47 (0.82, 2.64) 0.87 (0.46, 1.66)
Disagree a little/A lot 24.6 1.00   1.00  
Things to look at      
Agree a little/A lot 49.2 2.36 (1.56, 3.59)* 1.41 (0.89, 2.24)
Neither agree or disagree 22.9 1.31 (0.81, 2.14) 1.53 (0.89, 2.63)
Disagree a little/A lot 27.9 1.00   1.00  
Smells      
Disagree a little/A lot 71.6 1.08 (0.66, 1.75) 0.43 (0.26, 0.71)*
Neither agree or disagree 12.8 0.85 (0.45, 1.63) 0.35 (0.17, 0.72)*
Agree a little/A lot 15.6 1.00   1.00  
Garbage      
Agree a little/A lot 51.9 1.78 (1.20, 2.65)* 1.27 (0.82, 1.97)
Neither agree or disagree 16.5 1.18 (0.70, 1.98) 1.39 (0.79, 2.46)
Disagree a little/A lot 31.7 1.00   1.00  
Facilities Near Home      
Equipment      
Agree a little/A lot 56.4 2.50 (1.65, 3.79)* 1.02 (0.65, 1.61)
Neither agree or disagree 17.9 1.45 (0.85, 2.46) 1.56 (0.89, 2.75)
Disagree a little/A lot 25.7 1.00   1.00  
Sidewalks      
Agree a little/A lot 68.4 1.34 (0.89, 2.02) 1.05 (0.66, 1.67)
Neither agree or disagree 7.9 1.43 (0.71, 2.91) 1.29 (0.60, 2.79)
Disagree a little/A lot 23.7 1.00   1.00  
Trails      
Agree a little/A lot 47.4 1.68 (1.16, 2.44)* 1.59 (1.05, 2.40)*
Neither agree or disagree 13.8 1.15 (0.68, 1.96) 0.75 (0.39, 1.42)
Disagree a little/A lot 38.8 1.00   1.00  
Number of facilities near home      
>=10 37.7 2.26 (1.44, 3.57)* 2.26 (1.36, 3.76)*
>=7–9 31.9 1.56 (0.98, 2.49) 1.46 (0.86, 2.47)
<7 30.4 1.00   1.00  
Number of facilities near home/go there      
>=20 34.9 2.75 (1.72, 4.40)* 1.94 (1.17, 3.21)*
16–19 33.1 1.08 (0.68, 1.72) 0.76 (0.44, 1.29)
<16 32.0 1.00   1.00  
  1. *Indicates OR with p < 0.05; **Percent from the first survey completed by participants.