Skip to main content

Table 2 Behavioral outcomes for usual care (UC) and intervention (MLP) conditions at baseline, and 6, 12, and 24 months

From: Long-term effects of the Mediterranean lifestyle program: a randomized clinical trial for postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes

  Baseline Mean (SD) 6 months Mean (SD) 12 months Mean (SD) 24 months Mean (SD) Between subjects F Condition by time F
Diet (% calories saturated fat)
UC .13 (.04) .12 (.04) .12 (.04) .12 (.04) 39.30*** 2.74
MLP .14 (.03) .10 (.03) .11 (.03) .11 (.03)   
Physical Activity (kcal/kg/hr moderate activity)
UC 7.72 (8.44) 7.56 (6.66) 6.39 (6.73) 7.13 (5.29) 7.62 ** .11
MLP 5.63 (5.30) 8.78 (6.51) 7.69 (6.35) 7.90 (6.55)   
Stress Management
Daily Practice (minutes)
UC 10.3 (19.8) 11.7 (19.4) 9.4 (20.5) 11.0 (19.2) 20.48*** 0.94
MLP 6.1 (14.0) 20.8 (17.4) 16.0 (16.5) 16.8 (16.4)   
Flexibility (sit-and-reach % score)
UC 32.9 (25.7) 31.0 (27.2) 28.6 (28.3) 30.4 (28.4) 3.99* 0.32
MLP 32.3 (23.9) 36.2 (27.3) 32.2 (28.6) 36.2 (29.0)   
Flexibility (range-of-motion % score)
UC 10.8 (21.2) 9.5 (19.6) 6.4 (16.7) 9.8 (22.4)   
MLP 14.7 (24.1) 15.2 (24.9) 14.7 (25.1) 14.4 (25.9)   
  1. Note: Baseline values, social desirability, income, age, and comorbidities were entered as covariates. Based on repeated measures MANCOVAs (and follow-up ANOVAs) using complete cases (N = 118 for CHAMPS; N = 192 for all other analyses). Means are not adjusted for baseline levels or covariates. * = p < .05; ** = p < .01; *** = p < .001.