Skip to main content

Table 2 Pearson Correlation Between Weight Change and Baseline and 4-Month Change in Psychosocial Scores

From: Predicting short-term weight loss using four leading health behavior change theories

Exercise     
  Baseline   4-Month Change  
TTM/SCT     
   Cognitive processes of change 0.04   -0.18 *
   Behavioral processes of change 0.08   -0.18 *
   Stages of Change -0.03   0.11  
   Self-efficacy (ESE) -0.03   -0.29 ***
   Perceived barriers (EPB) 0.07   0.19 *
   Social support (ESS) 0.17   -0.19 *
TPB     
   Intentions 0.14   -0.19 *
   Attitude -0.14   -0.19 *
   Subjective norms 0.04   -0.05  
   Perceived behavioral control 0.13   -0.21 *
SDT     
   Interest/Enjoyment (IMI) -0.01   -0.11  
   Perceived competence (IMI) 0.03   -0.11  
   Importance/Effort (IMI) -0.06   -0.25 **
   Pressure/Tension (IMI) -0.11   -0.02  
   Exercise intrinsic motivation (IMI) -0.05   -0.17 *
Weight Management     
TTM/SCT     
   Cognitive processes of change 0.07   0.01  
   Behavioral processes of change 0.14   -0.21 *
   Stages of Change 0.22 * 0.04  
   Self-efficacy (WMSE) -0.19 * -0.42 ***
   Outcome expectancy 0.02   0.06  
TPB     
   Intentions -0.11   -0.17 *
   Attitude -0.12   -0.37 ***
   Subjective norms 0.03   -0.08  
   Perceived behavioral control -0.18 * -0.37 ***
  1. TTM/SCT – Transtheoretical Model and Social Cognitive Theory (presented together); TPB – Theory of Planned Behavior; SDT – Self Determination Theory; ESE – Exercise Self-Eficcay; EPB – Exercise Perceived Barriers; ESS – Exercise Social Support; IMI – Intrinsic Motivation Inventory; WEL – Weight Efficacy Lifestyle Questionnaire; A negative correlation score indicates a positive association with weight loss; * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001.