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Table 1 Unadjusted and adjusted Odds Ratios for potential predictors of becoming inactive

From: Five-year predictors of physical activity decline among adults in low-income communities: a prospective study

Potential predictor Participants who became inactive Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Sex, % (n)    
   Male 31.1 (77) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.)
   Female 41.6 (116) 1.58 (1.10, 2.27) 1.63 (1.09, 2.43)
Age (years), mean (SD) 39.5 (12.2) 1.03 (1.01, 1.05) 1.02 (1.01, 1.04)
Self-rated health, % (n)    
   Excellent 29.8 (50) 1.70 (1.35, 2.16) 1.39 (1.05, 1.84)
   Good 32.6 (84)   
   Average 57.8 (48)   
   Poor/Very poor 64.7 (11)   
BMIa, % (n)    
   <25 32.1 (117) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.)
   ≥ 25 46.6 (76) 1.84 (1.26, 2.69) 1.57 (1.03, 2.40)
Smoking status, % (n)    
   Current smoker 37.5 (77) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.)
   Past/Never smoker 36.2 (121) 1.06 (0.73, 1.53) 0.98 (0.78, 1.23)
Income, % (n)    
   <20,000 39.5 (68) 0.82 (0.65, 1.03) 0.95 (0.73, 1.24)
   20,000–40,000 35.8 (62)   
   40,000+ 30.2 (42)   
Self-efficacy score, mean (SD) 2.2 (0.6) 1.61 (1.20, 2.26) 1.46 (1.00, 2.14)
Use of a neighborhood facility for activity, % (n)    
   No 41.3 (152) 1.00 (Ref.) 1.00 (Ref.)
   Yes 25.8 (41) 2.03 (1.34, 3.06) 1.61 (1.02, 2.55)
Education, % (n)    
   Elementary/some secondary 52.6 (50) 0.74 (0.63, 0.86) N/A*
   Completed secondary/some college 40.2 (47)   
   Completed college 32.5 (27)   
   Some post-secondary 29.8 (67)   
Receives encouragement for activity, % (n)    
   No 35.2 (113) 1.00 (Ref.) N/A*
   Yes 38.5 (79) 0.87 (0.60, 1.25)  
  1. aBody Mass Index
  2. * Not included in final model