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Table 3 Number of items, range, N, means (SD) for the constructs in the ASE-model

From: The application of a social cognition model in explaining fruit intake in Austrian, Norwegian and Spanish schoolchildren using structural equation modelling

    Austrian sample Norwegian sample Spanish sample
Construct/Scale No of items Range N Mean (SD) N Mean (SD) N Mean (SD)
Attitudes            
Attitudes 2 -2/2 990 1.40 .81 1128 1.25 .80 1281 1.48 .73
Social influence            
Modelling 3 -2/2 981 1.00 .75 1130 .56 .82 1278 .98 .77
Active parental encouragement 2 -2/2 977 .55 1.29 1134 .20 1.28 1269 1.05 1.12
Demand family rule 1 -2/2 956 -.15 1.28 1120 -.65 1.13 1241 .72 1.23
Allow family rule 1 -2/2 959 1.82 .56 1126 1.44 .83 1234 1.36 1.09
Parental facilitation 1 -2/2 974 .24 1.24 1106 -.59 1.03 1261 -.19 1.33
Self-efficacy            
If I decide to eat fruit every day, I can do it 1 -2/2 972 1.73 .75 1127 1.63 .84 1273 1.51 .89
Intention            
I want to eat fruit every day 1 -2/2 974 1.18 1.05 1128 1.31 .99 1272 1.07 1.10
Fruit intake            
Fruit intake 1 0/7 987 4.41 1.70 1129 3.72 1.64 1288 4.08 1.76
  1. Note: All differences in means are statistically significant at a .01 level, except for Attitudes between Austria and Spain; Modelling between Austria and Spain; Allow family rule between Norway and Spain; Self-efficacy between Austria and Norway, and Intention between Austria and Norway and between Austria and Spain.