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Table 4 Step-count results overall and by group for both total and bout steps.

From: A randomized trial comparing structured and lifestyle goals in an internet-mediated walking program for people with type 2 diabetes

  All Participants Lifestyle Goals Group Structured Goals Group p-value (between-group)
N 30 17 13  
Total Steps     
Pre-Intervention 4,596 ± 1,794 4,157 ± 1,737 5,171 ± 1,769 0.1272
Post-Intervention 6,534 ± 3,456 6,279 ± 3,306 6,868 ± 3,751 0.6520
Change 1,938 ± 3,298 2,122 ± 3,179 1,697 ± 3,564 0.7329
p-value (pre/post) 0.0032* 0.0142* 0.1117  
Bout Steps     
Pre-Intervention 386 ± 691 286 ± 599 516 ± 801 0.3768
Post-Intervention 2,306 ± 2,734 2,070 ± 2,814 2,616 ± 2,706 0.5961
Change 1,921 ± 2,729 1,783 ± 2,741 2,101 ± 2,815 0.7583
p-value (pre/post) 0.0006* 0.0164* 0.0196*  
  1. * = p < 0.05
  2. Step counts expressed as Mean ± Standard Deviation
  3. P values reflect two tailed paired t-tests