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Table 6 Leader Communities: Individual, Community-level, and National Demographic Comparisonsa,b

From: Factors related to leader implementation of a nationally disseminated community-based exercise program: a cross-sectional study

  Individual level
(all trained leaders)
Community-level
(leaders' reported zip code)
National-level
(zip code data, 2004 US Census)
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Education levelc 4.3 (0.84) 2.68 (0.42) 2.48 (0.44)
Household incomed 3.33 (1.14) 2.27 (0.55) 2.20 (0.57)
Race (% white) 93.47 (24.70) 78.5 (15.80) 75.1 (22.90)
Voter participation - 60.73 (8.55) 58.85 (9.88)
Violent crimes per 100,000 people - 1153 (714) 1070 (837)
  1. a. Individual data as reported on survey; community-level by reported corresponding zip code and national means [37, 42, 43].
  2. b. All values for each category at all levels are different (p ≤ 0.025).
  3. c. Education score corresponds to the five education categories described in the methods section; details shown in manuscript 2.
  4. d. Income score corresponds to the five income categories described in the methods section; details shown in manuscript 2.