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Table 2 Participation levels and determinants of participation in worksite health promotion programmes offering access to a fitness programme

From: Determinants of participation in worksite health promotion programmes: a systematic review

Study Study design Study population Worksite health promotion programme Participation level Determinants of participation OR [95%CI]
Lechner
1997
[23]
cohort Stratified sample of participants and
non-participants from 3 companies
(police force, chemical industry and banking)
(n = 900, 98% response)
Fitness programme with supervised fitness
exercises twice a week for 1 hour.
53% of stratified sample
(n = 415)
male gender
age (yrs, mean)
# sick days (days, mean)
0.77 [0.53–1 .12]
Δ = -1.1 yrs; d = -0.14
Δ = -1.93 days
Lewis
1996
[12]
cohort Employees of a petrochemical
R&D company
Fitness centre fitness centre:
10% (n = 151)
male gender
age, 31–50
age, 50+
higher education
white ethnicity
low fitness risk
low obesity risk
0.53 [0.38–0.75]*
0.53 [0.35–0.79]*
0.43 [0.25–0.75]*
0.88 [0.56–1.37]
0.82 [0.54–1.23]
2.53 [1.52–4.21]*
1.67 [1.05–2.66]*
Heaney
1995
[26]
cohort newly hired insurance company employees
(n = 294)
Membership of a company's fitness centre
within first year of employment.
19% (n = 55) male gender
age, 31–40
age, > 40
education some college
education college graduate
white ethnicity
married
pay grade 7–13
pay grade above 14
normal SBP
normal DBP
< 20% overweight
11–20% overweight
1–2×/wk physical activity
> 2×/wk physical activity
non smoker
2.04*
1.71
0.90
0.85
2.29*
0.66
0.90
4.29*
7.08*
0.86
1.75
1.06
1.05
0.85
1.04
1.37
Steinhardt
1992
[27]
cohort Employees of an oil company (n = 2000)
(76% of the participants (n = 400)
and 88% of a random sample of non-participants
(n = 246) completed the questionnaire)
Membership of a company's fitness centre
within the first 6 months of existence
26% (n = 526) within questionnaire respondents:
male gender
age, 30–49
age, 50+
0.89 [0.64–1.05]
0.66 [0.45–0.97]*
0.32 [0.18–0.56]*
Lynch
1990
[24]
cohort Employees of an insurance company
(n = 8069)
Membership of a company's fitness centre,
within the first 2 yrs of existence.
28% (n = 2232) male gender
age men (yrs, mean)
age women (yrs, mean)
sick leave men (days, mean)
sick leave women (days, mean)
1.62 [1.47–1.79]*
Δ = -1.0 yrs*
Δ = -5.3 yrs*
Δ = -0.63 days*
Δ = -0.93 days*
Shephard
1980
[25]
cross-sectional Employees of a foods corporation (n = 2400)
(76% of the participants
(n = 409 and 44% of a random sample of
non-participants (n = 374)
completed the questionnaire)
Physical assessment and membership of the
company's health fitness centre.
22% (n = 535) male gender
age, 30–49
age, 50+
activity past 3 months (mean), m
activity past 3 months (mean), f
health rating (mean) m
health rating (mean) f
1.07 [0.89–1.30]
1.72 [1.37–2.17]*
1.14 [0.85–1.52]
Δ = 0.16
Δ = 0.23
Δ = 0.12
Δ = 0.3*