Skip to main content

Table 3 Participation levels and determinants of participation in multi-component worksite health promotion programmes

From: Determinants of participation in worksite health promotion programmes: a systematic review

Study Study design Study population Worksite health promotion programme Participation level Determinants of participation OR [95%CI]
Stein
2000
[31]
cohort
(adjusted data)
Benefit-eligible hospital employees
(n = 2421)
Health risk assessment with results converted
to dollar equivalents, plus a series of health
promotion activities on physical activity,
weight, nutrition, smoking, and stress management
for variable time periods.
29% male gender
age 25–34
age 35–44
age 45–54
age 55+
white ethnicity
not at risk (body fat)
not at risk (cholesterol)
full-time employment
salary worker
0.38 [0.30–0.50]*
1.30 [1.03–1.62]*
1.43 [0.91–2.22]
1.79 [1.46–2.16]*
1.16 [1.13–1.17]*
1.28 [0.86–1.92]
PR = 0.42
PR = 0.69
1.79 [1.41–2.22]*
1.54 [1.27–1.89]*
Lerman
1996
[33]
cohort Career army personnel and spouses
(n=not available)
A 4-day vacation programme with lectures,
workshops, and access to sport facilities.
not available
(n = 353)
male gender
age 30–39
age, 40+
married
intermediate education
higher education
non smoker
0.67*
1.66*
2.21*
4.14*
0.77
1.70*
4,81*
Lewis
1996
[12]
cohort Employees of a petrochemical
R&D company
(n = 2290)
Health risk assessment, fitness centre, and
education classes on physical activity,
weight, nutrition, smoking, stress-management
and blood pressure during a period of 2 yrs.
wellness programme:
64% (n = 1471)
male gender
age, 31–50
age, 50+
higher education
white ethnicity
low fitness risk
low nutrition risk
low cholesterol risk
low obesity risk
low hypertension risk
0.34 [0.28–0.43]*
0.66 [0.51–0.85]*
0.57 [0.42–0.77]*
0.75 [0.59–0.96]*
0.97 [0.78–1.21]
1.45 [1.09–1.94]*
0.91 [0.56–1.50]
0.85 [0.66–1.09]
0.25 [0.15–0.43]*
0.41 [0.18–0.94]*
Sorensen
1996
[30]
cRCT
(adjusted data)
Random sample of employees of
intervention worksites in the
WellWorksTrial (n = 2767)
Cancer-prevention intervention with several
activities on individual and organizational
level on nutrition, smoking, occupational
safety for a 2-yr period.
nutrition programme:
49% (n = 1224)
male gender
white collar worker vs. crafts/labourers
0.45 [0.36–0.56]*
1.52 [1.23–1.89]*
Knight
1994
[32]
cohort University employees with 2 yrs
of continuous employment
(n = 4972)
Health screens and lifestyle improvement
programmes on smoking cessation,
weight control, stress management,
nutrition education, fitness and
blood pressure.
63% (n = 3122) male gender
age, 35–54
age, > 55
higher education
white ethnicity
0.48 [0.42–0.54]*
0.96 [0.85–1.08]
0.64 [0.52–0.79]*
1.22 [1.09–1.37]*
1.12 [0.99–1.25]
Henritze
1992
[29]
cohort Food Company employees
(n = 1320)
Health screening followed by a variety
of programmes during a 8-wk period:
exercise equipment, and classes on
activity, nutrition, hypertension and
smoking.
52% (n = 692) male gender
age (yrs, mean)
Caucasian ethnicity
married
shift work
0.57 [0.43–0.76]*
P: 42.6 all workers: 43.0
0.83 [0.60–1.15]
1.13 [0.87–1.48]
0.57 [0.45–0.73]*
Brill
1991
[28]
cohort Teachers in schools
(n = 11830)
Health screen followed by 10-wk program
with exercise sessions and
health education classes.
33% (n = 3873) male gender
age, 36–50
age 50+
higher education
white ethnicity
0.95 [0.86–1.04]
1.50 [1.37–1.64]*
1.34 [1.21–1.49]*
1.76 [1.56–2.00]*
2.04 [1.88–2.21]*