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Table 2 Summary descriptive table of environmental questionnaires

From: Assessment of environmental correlates of physical activity: development of a European questionnaire

Measure/Country of origin Type and number of environmental items Physical activity Population samples used with measure Assessment of metrics of measures & Scale Findings/Notes
Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale
(NEWS)
(NQLS)
USA
Original NEWS (98 items) assessed perceptions of residential density (house type), land use density (walk access to grocery stores, video stores, post offices and fast food restaurants), land use mix-access (shops and parking available locally), street connectivity, walking/cycling facilities
Self report via mail
Walking – NEWS
Global measure of physical activity plus domains – NQLS
USA and number of international studies for adults NEWS item scores ranged from 0.58–0.80 (Saelens et al, 2003)
Intra class correlations for NEWS ranged from 0.41–0.93 (Brownson et al, 2004)
NEWS possessed adequate levels of factorial and criterion validity
(Cerin et al, 2006)
Scale defined in different dimensions
- by time to walk to
- 10–15 minute walk
- neighbourhood
Papers hint at considerable differences which emerged when the measure was applied to urban and rural participants
NEWS is a popular measure of walkability – unsure of its applicability in Europe
Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale
(ANEWS)
Shorter version
USA
Shortened version (49 items) assessed perceptions of residential density (house type), land use density (walk access to grocery stores, video stores, post offices and fast food restaurants), land use mix-access (shops and parking available locally), street connectivity, walking/cycling facilities
Self report via mail
Walking – NEWS USA and number of international studies for adults NEWS-A possessed adequate levels of factorial and criterion validity (Cerin et al, 2006)
Scale defined in different dimensions
- by time to walk to
- 10–15 minute walk
- neighbourhood
- within a 5 minute drive or a 10 minute walk from work or home
As above
IPAQ environmental module
(IPAQE)
USA
then
International
This measure (17 items) has 7 core, 4 recommended and 6 optional items, covering similar items to NEWS and NQLS. Also included walking access to a public transport transit service, include cost and low cost to access to places to be active and seeing other active in neighbourhood
Self report via mail or telephone
Global measure of physical activity Random sample of Swedish adults (IPS) Test-retest reliability testing with 98 Swedish adults
ICC:
0.41–0.96 (men)
0.27–0.98 (women)
Scale Neighborhood, easy walking distance with 10–15 mins
 
Cycling for Transport
(C4T)
Austria
This measure (25 items) assessed perceived environmental attributes of cycling for transportation. This includes functional, safety, aesthetics, destination and home neighbourhood features
Self report via mail
Cycling Sample of Suisse students - Factor analysis,
- Test-retest reliability testing with 32 students
Scale – on journey to and from university
- Reduced 25 to 23 items, (6 factors + 5 single items)
Cronbach α: 0.39–0.66
-Agreement 0.62–0.89
Perceptions of local environment
(PLE)
UK
Awaiting assessment
This measure (16 items) assessed perceptions of the local area and access to personal transport
Self report via mail
Walking and cycling 1322 households in Glasgow Test – retest reliability (N = 23)
Scale in my local area
0.55–0.89 (one item 0.21)
Active 4 Life (A4L) perceptions of environment and walking
UK
This measure (10 items) assessed access to green space, local shops, safety (day and night), Aesthetics, traffic, access to sports facilities and
social support
Self report via face to face interviews
Walking Random sample of UK adults aged 16–74 years No reported assessment of validity or reliability.
Scale defined by neighbourhood
Response to this measure was differentiated by gender
Residential Environment and Coronary Disease (RECORD)
France
This measure (14 items) assessed availability to local facilities, places for walking, aesthetics, safety from traffic and safety from crime. All items were formulated negatively.
Self report via mail
Walking & sport