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Table 1 Baseline individual and neighborhood measures, by treatment group

From: Analysis of Individual Social-ecological Mediators and Moderators and Their Ability to Explain Effect of a Randomized Neighborhood Walking Intervention

  Mean (SD)a or Percent
  Intervention Neighborhoods
(n = 28)
Control Neighborhoods
(n = 28)
Participants per neighborhood 9.36 (3.0) 9.93 (1.7)
Individual-level characteristics   
   Age 74.8 (2.3) 74.4 (2.1)
   Female (%)* 76.5 64.9
   Less than high school education (%) 47.9 42.8
   Very good or excellent health (%)* 90.4 80.8
Neighborhood-level characteristics   
   Neighborhood poverty(%)b 24 22
   Neighborhood safety* 4.4 (0.30) 4.6 (0.22)
Neighborhood Walkability   
   Walkability score 1.2 (5.8) 3.3 (6.7)
  1. * P < 0.05
  2. a SD = standard deviation
  3. b Percent of households in the neighborhood with incomes < $15,000.
  4. Walkability score includes the following quarter and half-mile built environment measures: High volume streets (%), sidewalk coverage (%), intersection frequency, bus line frequency, bus stop frequency, and walking destination frequency.