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Table 3 Unadjusted odds ratios for meeting physical activity recommendations among Japanese adults

From: Psychological, social, and environmental factors to meeting physical activity recommendations among Japanese adults

  Meeting physical activity recommendations
  Men (n = 962) Women (n = 970)
  Unadjusted
OR
(95% CI)   Unadjusted
OR
(95% CI)  
Self-efficacy       
   Low 1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)  
   High 2.81 (2.10–3.76) *** 3.53 (3.23–8.42) ***
Pros       
   Low 1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)  
   High 1.86 (1.41–2.47) *** 1.93 (1.43–2.61) ***
Cons       
   Low 1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)  
   High 0.56 (0.43–0.75) *** 0.34 (0.25–0.47) ***
Social support       
   Low 1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)  
   High 2.04 (1.54–2.70) *** 1.88 (1.40–2.54) ***
Health professional advice       
   No 1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)  
   Yes 0.87 (0.65–1.17)   0.87 (0.58–1.32)  
Home fitness equipment       
   No 1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)  
   Yes 1.99 (1.51–2.62) *** 2.07 (1.54–2.79) ***
Access to facilities       
   No 1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)  
   Yes 1.59 (1.20–2.10) ** 1.91 (1.39–2.61) ***
Neighborhood safety       
   No 1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)  
   Yes 1.60 (1.21–2.11) ** 1.58 (1.17–2.12) *
Enjoyable scenery       
   No 1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)  
   Yes 1.46 (1.11–1.91) * 1.89 (1.40–2.55) ***
Frequently observing others exercising       
   No 1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)  
   Yes 1.52 (1.16–2.00) * 1.55 (1.15–2.09) *
Residential area       
   Urban 1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)  
   Suburban 1.08 (0.81–1.43)   1.08 (0.79–1.46)  
   Rural 0.76 (0.44–1.31)   0.54 (0.29–1.00)  
  1. OR = odd ratios; CI = confidence interval; ref = referent group
  2. Study conducted by Internet research service organization, Tokyo, Japan, in February 2008.
  3. *** p < .000, ** p < .01, *p < .05