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Table 2 Dietary intake at Time 2 and television viewing behavior at Time 1 of younger cohort (middle school students at Time 1 and high school students at Time 2)1

From: Does television viewing predict dietary intake five years later in high school students and young adults?

  Television Usea,b  
  Limited (<2 hrs/day) Moderately high (2–5 hrs/day) Heavy (≥5 hrs/day)  
  n % n % n %  
  176 31.2 270 47.9 118 20.9  
  mean SE mean SE mean SE p for linear trend
Total energy (kcal/day) 2159.2 69.3 2025.3 55.4 2217.4 85.5 .98
Fruit (sertelevision viewing behavior at Time 1 of older cohort/day) 2.06a .09 1.91a,b .07 1.72b .11 .009
Vegetable (serv/day)2 1.65 .08 1.65 .07 1.56 .10 .21
Whole grains (serv/day)3 .58 .06 .64 .04 .58 .07 .92
Calcium-rich foods (serv/day) 2.94 .09 2.97 .07 3.15 .11 .28
% total fat 30.5 .3 30.5 .3 29.8 .4 .25
% saturated fat 10.8 .2 10.8 .1 10.6 .2 .47
% trans fat 1.3 .02 1.3 .02 1.3 .03 .51
Fried food (serv/day) .55 .02 .56 .02 .54 .03 .84
Fast food (times/week) 2.22 .08 2.29 .06 2.32 .10 .55
Snack food (serv/day) 2.33 .09 2.33 .07 2.53 .12 .74
Sugar-sweetened beverage (serv/day) 1.24a,b .07 1.23a .05 1.48b .08 .02
  1. a,b Estimates in the same row marked with different letters are statistically significantly different from each other (p < .01).
  2. 1 Multiple regression models are adjusted for race/ethnicity, gender, socioeconomic status, total energy intake at Time 2, and dietary intake at Time 1.
  3. 2 Vegetable intake does not include servings of French fries.
  4. 3 Whole grains intake does not include chip servings.