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Table 3 Dietary intake at Time 2 and television viewing behavior at Time 1 of older cohort (high school students at Time 1 and young adults at Time 2)1

From: Does television viewing predict dietary intake five years later in high school students and young adults?

  Television Usea,b  
  Limited (<2 hrs/day) Moderately high (2–5 hrs/day) Heavy (≥5 hrs/day)  
  n % n % n %  
  486 35.6 664 48.6 216 15.8  
  mean SE mean SE mean SE p for linear trend
Total energy (kcal/day) 1837.1 33.7 1830.6 28.5 2041.0 50.2 .05
Fruit (serv/day) 1.70a .05 1.60a .04 1.25b .07 <.001
Vegetable (serv/day)2 1.71a .04 1.54a .04 1.28b .07 <.001
Whole grains (serv/day)3 .74a .04 .64b .03 .59b .05 .002
Calcium-rich foods (serv/day) 2.78a .05 2.67a,b .04 2.50b .07 <.001
% total fat 29.6 .2 30.0 .2 30.6 .3 .02
% saturated fat 10.3 .1 10.4 .09 10.5 .2 .23
% trans fat 1.2a .01 1.2a,b .01 1.3b .02 .005
Fried food (serv/day) .43a .01 .47b .01 .51b .02 .001
Fast food (times/week) 2.03a .04 2.17b .03 2.33b .06 <.001
Snack food (serv/day) 1.93a .05 1.89a .04 2.20b .07 .012
Sugar-sweetened beverage (serv/day) 1.14a .04 1.22a,b .03 1.33b .06 .004
  1. a,b Estimates in the same row marked with different letters are statistically significantly different from each other (p < .01).
  2. 1 Multiple regression models are adjusted for race/ethnicity, gender, socioeconomic status, total energy intake at Time 2, and dietary intake at Time 1.
  3. 2 Vegetable intake does not include servings of French fries.
  4. 3 Whole grains intake does not include chip servings.