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Table 2 Associations of personal and socio-environmental factors with persistence in unhealthy weight control behaviours.

From: Predictors of initiation and persistence of unhealthy weight control behaviours in adolescents

  Persistence (vs. Cessation)
  Boys Girls
Predictor OR 95% CI R 2 OR 95% CI R 2
Personal Factors    0.53    0.41
Self-esteem 0.73 0.53-1.00 0.23 0.54 0.42-0.69 0.16
Change in self-esteem 0.94 0.87-1.01   0.84 0.79-0.89  
Depressed mood 1.85 1.33-2.50 0.28 1.72 1.37-2.22 0.16
Change in depressed mood 1.18 1.08-1.28   1.25 1.16-1.33  
Weight concerns 4.55 2.86-7.14 0.42 3.45 2.50-4.76 0.26
Change in weight concerns 4.55 2.86-7.14   3.03 2.38-4.00  
Body dissatisfaction 1.10 1.05-1.15 0.30 1.08 1.05-1.11 0.19
Change in dissatisfaction 1.06 1.03-1.10   1.09 1.06-1.12  
Weight and shape importance 2.50 1.79-3.57 0.31 2.44 1.89-3.23 0.21
Change in importance 1.67 1.27-2.22   2.38 1.89-3.03  
Benefits: healthy eating 1.64 1.19-2.27 0.26 1.39 1.10-1.79 0.13
Change in benefits 1.92 1.32-2.86   2.27 1.70-3.03  
Health concerns 1.14 0.86-1.49 0.21 1.01 0.82-1.25 0.08
Change in health concerns 1.06 0.95-1.18   1.04 0.96-1.12  
Socio-Environmental Factors    0.33    0.19
Parental concern about weight 1.14 0.86-1.49 0.19 1.43 1.12-1.82 0.10
Change in parental concern 1.04 0.96-1.12   1.11 1.04-1.21  
Peer dieting 1.47 1.04-2.08 0.25 1.56 1.22-2.00 0.10
Change in peer dieting 1.32 0.99-1.75   1.47 1.22-1.79  
Teasing frequency 1.61 1.18-2.22 0.25 1.35 1.05-1.64 0.10
Change in teasing frequency 1.35 1.10-1.67   1.37 1.14-1.64  
Weight loss article reading 1.96 1.33-2.94 0.27 1.79 1.41-2.27 0.12
Change in reading 1.30 0.96-1.79   1.33 1.10-1.61  
Family connectedness 0.81 0.61-1.06 0.21 0.83 0.66-1.03 0.08
Change in connectedness 0.94 0.89-1.01   0.94 0.89-0.99  
Combined Models       
All predictors (personal and socio-environmental) 0.63    0.44
Covariates only (cohort, race, weight status) 0.21    0.07
  1. Note. N = 315 for boys, 764 for girls. All models are adjusted for cohort, race/ethnicity, and weight status from Time 1 to Time 2. R2 = percent variance explained by separate and combined predictor models. Each of 12 single predictor models includes predictor, change in predictor, and covariates. Combined models include all personal, all socio-environmental, or all predictors as well as change in predictor and covariates. Statistically significant odds ratios (p < .05) are shown in bold type.