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Table 4 Odds of being in the upper tertile for playing in own street/court/footpath

From: Individual, social and physical environmental correlates of children's active free-play: a cross-sectional study

  Playing in own street/court/footpath
  Weekdays Weekend days
  Unadjusted OR (95%CI) Adjusted OR† (95%CI) Unadjusted OR (95%CI) Adjusted OR† (95%CI)
Individual Factors     
Parent is married or in a de-facto relationship (referent = single parent) 1.15 (0.46, 2.68) - 1.23 (0.49, 3.05) -
Parents' education level     
   <12 yrs school (referent) 1.0   1.0  
   12 yrs/trade 0.89 (0.38, 2.10) - 0.82 (0.35, 1.95) -
   University 0.83 (0.38, 1.84) - 0.73 (0.33, 1.62) -
Parent does not work full-time (referent = parent works full time) 1.28 (0.59, 2.78) - 0.90 (0.42, 1.93) -
Number of siblings (range:0-6) 1.05 (0.77, 1.42) - 0.99 (0.73, 1.35) -
Child prefers to do things that do not involve physical activity (range 0-3) 0.79 (0.55, 1.14) - 0.62 (0.42, 0.93) -
Social Environmental Factors     
Parents have time to transport their child to activities (referent = parents do not have time) 0.90 (0.40, 2.03) - 0.58 (0.26, 1.30) -
Parents believe there is a high crime rate in their neighbourhood (referent = disagree) 1.41 (0.55, 3.67) - 1.56 (0.60, 4.05) -
Parents believe it is safe for their child to play in the street outside their house (referent = disagree) 10.4 (5.06, 21.39)*** 6.46 (2.84, 14.71)*** 10.07 (4.86, 20.87)*** 6.01 (2.68, 13.47)***
Stranger danger is a concern (referent = disagree) 1.32 (0.59, 2.94) - 1.54 (0.72, 3.53) -
Child has many friends in their neighbourhood (referent = disagree) 2.94 (1.57, 5.52)*** 2.02 (0.93, 4.40) 3.42(1.79, 6.53)*** 2.63 (1.21, 5.76)**
Lots of children play or hang out in their street (referent = disagree) 7.78 (3.64, 16.62)*** Omitted due to collinearity 6.67 (3.20, 13.90)*** Omitted due to collinearity
Child's family goes to the park together at least once/week (referent = disagree) 1.39 (0.76, 2.50) - 1.27 (0.69, 2.35) -
Physical Environmental Factors     
Child's home has no yard or very small yard (referent = home has medium or large sized yard) 0.83 (3.1, 2.19) - 0.67 (0.25, 1.84) -
Child lives in main arterial or busy through road (referent = does not live in main arterial road) 0.38 (0.19, 0.77)** 0.84 (0.32, 2.21) 0.19 (0.08, 0.44)*** 0.42 (0.16, 1.12)
Child lives in cul-de-sac (referent = does not live in cul-de-sac) 6.33 (3.10, 12.94)*** 3.99 (1.65, 9.66)** 7.72 (3.54, 14.93)*** 3.49 (1.49, 8.16)**
Parents are satisfied with the quality of parks/playgrounds in their neighbourhood (range 0-2) 1.01 (0.72, 1.43) - 1.10 (0.77, 1.56) -
  1. †adjusted for all significant variables in bivariable analyses
  2. **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001