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Table 5 Odds of being in the upper tertile for playing in the park/playground

From: Individual, social and physical environmental correlates of children's active free-play: a cross-sectional study

  Park/Playground
  Weekdays Weekend days
  Unadjusted OR (95%CI) Adjusted OR† (95%CI) Unadjusted OR (95%CI) Adjusted OR† (95%CI)
Individual Factors     
Parent is married or in a de-facto relationship (referent = single parent) 0.87 (0.36, 2.12) - 1.17 (0.46, 2.99) -
Parents' education level     
   <12 yrs school (referent) 1.0   1.0  
   12 yrs/trade 1.25 (0.51, 3.07) - 0.42 (0.17, 1.06) -
   University 1.20 (0.52, 2.75) - 0.79 (0.35, 1.75) -
Parent does not work full-time (referent = parent works full time) 1.37 (0.61, 3.09) - 1.06 (0.48, 2.34) -
Number of siblings (range:0-6) 1.09 (0.80, 1.49) - 0.87 (0.62, 1.22) -
Child prefers to do things that do not involve physical activity (range 0-3) 0.76 (0.52, 1.12) - 0.60 (0.39, 0.93) -
Social Environmental Factors     
Parents have time to transport their child to activities (referent = parents do not have time) 2.92 (1.06, 8.07)* 1.7 (0.6, 5.2) 2.54 (0.92, 7.04) -
Parents believe there is a high crime rate in their neighbourhood (referent = disagree) 1.13 (0.42, 3.02) - 2.61 (0.99, 6.82) -
Parents believe it is safe for their child to play in the street outside their house (referent = disagree) 1.73 (0.93, 3.24) - 1.43 (0.76, 2.68) -
Stranger danger is a concern (referent = disagree) 0.95 (0.44, 2.08) - 1.40 (0.61, 3.23) -
Child has many friends in their neighbourhood (referent = disagree) 1.41 (0.76, 2.62) - 1.39 (0.74, 2.60) -
Lots of children play or hang out in their street (referent = disagree) 0.96 (0.47, 1.92) - 0.57 (0.26, 1.21) -
Child's family goes to the park together at least once/week (referent = disagree) 7.37 (3.70, 14.49) *** 6.8 (3.4, 13.6) *** 8.38 (4.15, 16.94) 7.36 (3.6, 15.0) ***
Physical Environmental Factors     
Child's home has no yard or very small yard (referent = home has medium or large sized yard) 2.11 (0.83, 5.40) - 1.94 (0.76, 4.99) -
Child lives in main arterial or busy through road (referent = does not live in main arterial road) 1.70 (0.89, 3.27) - 1.03 (0.53, 2.03) -
Child lives in cul-de-sac (referent = does not live in cul-de-sac) 1.03 (0.53, 2.03)   0.49 (0.23, 1.04) -
Parents are satisfied with the quality of parks/playgrounds in their neighbourhood (range 0-2) 1.43 (0.98, 2.07) - 1.86 (1.23, 2.83)** 1.49 (0.94, 2.35)
  1. †adjusted for all significant variables in bivariable analyses
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001