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Table 1 Summary of independent mobility and environmental measures

From: Independent mobility, perceptions of the built environment and children's participation in play, active travel and structured exercise and sport: the PEACH Project

Subscale name No. items Content Response format 4 choices Mean Gender diff** SD Alpha ICC Source Ref
Local-IM 4 Go unsupervised to local shops, school, friends, park Never to Always 3.04** 0.76 0.70 0.81 25
Area-IM 7 Go unsupervised to shopping & sports centre, pool, library, cinema, bus stop, arcade Never to Always 1.91** 0.75 0.79 0.78 25
Aesthetics 4 Perceptions of problem of litter, graffiti, vandalism, dog fouling Strongly Disagree to Strongly Agree* 2.29 0.78 0.81 0.69  
Nuisance 3 Perceptions of crime, noise, bullying in local neighbourhood Strongly Disagree to Strongly Agree* 2.78 0.64 0.61 0.65  
Personal safety 4 Perceptions of safety at night, daytime, fear of strangers, dark Strongly Disagree to Strongly Agree 3.00** 0.57 0.67 0.42 34
Traffic safety 4 Perceptions of safe places to cross, heavy traffic, roads, pollution Strongly Disagree to Strongly Agree* 2.48** 0.60 0.56 0.48 34
Access(1) 6 Ease of access to shops, park, bus stop, library, sports & shopping centre Very easy to very difficult 3.10 0.42 0.56 0.59 35
Access(2) 2 Easy of access to school, best friend's house Very easy to very difficult 3.35 0.65 0.56 0.69 35
Social Norm 4 Children to play with, children on streets, people walking and cycling around Strongly Disagree to Strongly Agree 2.93 0.54 0.60 0.78 34
Playspace 2 Space to play inside/outside Strongly Disagree to Strongly Agree 2.97 0.66 0.51 0.81 ND
Constraint 2 Want to get outside to play/stuck inside Strongly Disagree to Strongly Agree* 2.18** 0.77 0.63 0.77 ND
  1. Note: * Items recoded so that higher score indicates more positive perception of the environment, ** boys scores significantly higher than girls (independent t-test).
  2. Abbreviations: ICC (intra-class correlation), SD (Standard deviation), ND (newly derived)
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