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Table 4 Odds ratios for being physically inactive in young males and females

From: Physical activity levels and determinants of change in young adults: a longitudinal panel study

  Men Women
  "no sport" inactive "no sport" inactive
  unadjusted adjusted1 unadjusted adjusted1 unadjusted adjusted1 unadjusted adjusted1
Age category         
14-16 years 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
17-19 years 1.7 (1.3-2.2) 1.7 (1.2-2.3) 1.2 (0.9-1.5) 1.2 (0.8-1.6) 1.5 (1.3-1.8) 1.5 (1.1-2.1) 1.3 (1.1-1.5) 1.6 (1.1-2.2)
p-value <0.001 0.007 0.07 0.3 <0.001 0.03 0.004 0.02
20-22 years 2.3 (1.8-2.9) 1.9 (1.4-2.8) 1.8 (1.5-2.3) 1.8 (1.2-2.4) 1.9 (1.5-2.4) 1.8 (1.3-2.6) 1.5 (1.2-1.9) 1.8 (1.2-2.5)
p-value <0.001 0.002 <0.001 0.003 <0.001 0.001 <0.001 0.006
23-26 years 2.2 (1.7-2.9) 2.3 (1.5-3.5) 1.4 (1.1-1.8) 1.3 (0.9-2.0) 1.8 (1.4-2.3) 1.5 (1.1-2.2) 1.7 (1.3-2.1) 1.7 (1.2-2.6)
p-value <0.001 <0.001 0.02 0.2 <0.001 0.04 <0.001 0.009
Sport club membership         
member 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
non-member 6.6 (5.4-8.1) 6.7 (4.9-8.9) 4.2 (3.5-5.0) 4.6 (3.5-6.0) 7.3 (6.0-8.9) 8.1 (5.7-11.4) 5.3 (4.4-6.5) 4.6 (3.3-6.4)
p-value <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Education         
compulsory school 1.0   1.0   1.0   1.0  
high school 1.1 (0.8-1.5)   0.7 (0.5-1.0)   1.2 (0.9-1.6)   1.0 (0.8-1.3)  
p-value 0.8   0.04   0.2   0.9  
apprenticeship, vocational low 2.1 (1.6-2.7)   1.5 (1.2-1.9)   2.2 (1.8-2.7)   1.9 (1.6-2.3)  
p-value <0.001   <0.001   <0.001   <0.001  
vocational high 2.0 (1.5-2.8)   1.6 (1.2-2.3)   1.2 (0.8-1.7)   1.0 (0.7-1.5)  
p-value <0.001   0.003   0.4   0.8  
University 2.1 (1.6-3.0)   1.5 (1.1-2.0)   1.3 (1.0-1.8)   1.3 (0.9-1.6)  
p-value <0.001   0.01   0.04   0.08  
Household Income         
Four higher quintiles 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Lowest quintile 1.3 (0.9-1.7) 1.3 (0.9-1.9) 1.6 (1.2-2.0) 1.4 (1.0-2.1) 1.4 (1.1-1.8) 1.0 (0.7-1.4) 1.5 (1.2-2.0) 1.0 (0.7-1.4)
p-value 0.1 0.1 <0.001 0.03 0.007 0.5 0.002 0.9
Nationality         
Swiss 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Non-Swiss 1.2 (0.8-1.6) 0.9 (0.5-1.5) 1.5 (1.1-2.0) 1.2 (0.8-2.0) 2.6 (1.9-3.4) 1.7 (1.1-2.7) 2.8 (2.1-3.6) 2.1 (1.3-3.2)
p-value 0.3 0.6 0.007 0.4 <0.001 0.02 <0.001 0.0009
Language region         
German-speaking 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
French-speaking 1.1 (0.9-1.4) 1.1 (0.8-1.6) 1.7 (1.4-2.2) 1.6 (1.2-2.3) 1.5 (1.2-1.9) 1.4 (1.0-1.9) 2.4 (2.0-3.0) 2.2 (1.6-2.9)
p-value 0.3 0.6 <0.001 0.004 <0.001 0.04 <0.001 <0.001
Italian-speaking 1.9 (1.1-3.5) 1.7 (0.7-3.8) 3.5 (2.1-5.8) 3.2 (1.6-6.2) 2.6 (1.5-4.3) 1.8 (0.9-3.7) 3.1 (2.0-4.8) 2.1 (1.1-3.8)
p-value 0.03 0.2 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.2 <0.001 0.03
Internet use         
Rarely-never 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Every day 0.7 (0.6-0.9) 0.7 (0.5-0.9) 0.8 (0.7-1.1) 0.8 (0.6-1.0) 0.6 (0.5-0.8) 0.6 (0.5-0.8) 0.8 (0.7-1.1) 0.8 (0.6-1.1)
p-value 0.04 0.02 0.08 0.07 <0.001 <0.001 0.1 0.1
Reading         
Rarely-never 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Every day 1.0 (0.8-1.1) 1.0 (0.8-1.3) 1.0 (0.9-1.2) 1.0 (0.8-1.3) 0.9 (0.8-1.0) 0.7 (0.6-0.9) 0.9 (0.8-1.0) 0.8 (0.6-0.9)
p-value 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.06 0.02 0.05 0.02
  1. 1 adjusted for all variables displayed in the table except education
  2. All estimates and 95% CI are based on the pooled data using the GEE model with pair-wise log odds ratios for the within-subject correlation, nmale participants = 1,534; nfemale participants = 1,534)