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Table 3 Characteristics of the participants by age, gender and educational groupa. Values are proportions (%) or medians (Me)

From: The effects of adolescence sports and exercise on adulthood leisure-time physical activity in educational groups

  25-44 age-group 45-64 age-group Men Women Low education High education P-valuef for age differences P-valuef for gender differences P-valuef for educational differences
Opinions on PEb:          
a) PE was interesting and pleasant (%)        <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
I disagree 28 19 14 31 13 29    
I somewhat agree 39 35 37 38 35 39    
I entirely agree 32 46 49 32 52 32    
b) I learned useful physical activity skills in PE classes (%)        <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
I disagree 27 22 18 29 18 28    
I somewhat agree 46 44 47 42 46 44    
I entirely agree 27 35 34 29 36 29    
Participation in competitive sports in youth (%)c:          
Running 8 7 9 7 8 8 0.095 0.006 0.744
Cross-country skiing 10 13 14 10 13 10 0.025 <0.001 0.006
Track and field 7 6 8 5 5 7 0.281 <0.001 0.023
Exercise in late adolescence (%) d        <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Once a week or less 22 29 23 27 30 23    
2-3 times a week 39 32 33 37 32 37    
4-5 times a week 23 21 24 20 21 22    
>5 times a week 16 18 20 15 17 17    
Leisure-time physical activity, METh/week, [Me e ] 19.7 [10;35] 18.9 [9;34] 19.1 [8;35] 19.4 [10;34] 16.3 [7;32] 20.9 [11;35] 0.014 <0.001 <0.001
  1. a The cut-off point for educational group analyses was those who had not graduated from senior high school (low education) and those who had senior high school degree (high education)
  2. b PE = Physical Education
  3. c Participants who had started competitive sports before the age of 15
  4. d Participants 's participation in exercise when they were aged 15 to 24 years
  5. e 25th and 75th percentile are presented in brackets [25th percentile,75th percentile]
  6. f P-values from Chi2 test