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Table 2 Sport, screen-entertainment and emotional and behavioural problems scores

From: Associations between sport and screen-entertainment with mental health problems in 5-year-old children

Characteristic All children Boys Girls
  % or Mean (SD) (n)
Participation in any sports clubs    
   No 44.6 (6277) 48.3 (3448) 40.8 (2829) *
   Yes 55.4 (7193) 51.7 (3435) 59.2 (3758) *
Hours screen-entertainment per day    
   < 2 hours 39.3 (5249) 35.1 (2366) 43.7 (2883) *
   ≥ 2 hours 60.7 (8221) 64.9 (4517) 56.3 (3704) *
Sports and screen-entertainment (SE)    
   No sports and ≥ 2 hours SE 28.5 (4004) 32.5 (2342) 24.2 (1662) *
   Sports and ≥ 2 hours SE 32.2 (4217) 32.4 (2175) 32.1 (2042)
   No sports and < 2 hours SE 16.2 (2273) 15.8 (1106) 16.6 (1167)
   Sports and < 2 hours SE 23.2 (2976) 19.4 (1260) 27.1 (1716) *
SDQ ** scores    
   Emotional problems 1.3 (1.6) 1.3 (1.6) 1.4 (1.6)
   Conduct problems 1.5 (1.5) 1.6 (1.6) 1.3 (1.4) *
   Hyperactivity/inattention problems 3.3 (2.4) 3.6 (2.4) 2.9 (2.2) *
   Peer relationship problems 1.1 (1.4) 1.2 (1.5) 1.0 (1.3) *
   Prosocial behaviours 8.4 (1.7) 8.1 (1.8) 8.7 (1.5) *
   Total difficulties 7.2 (5.0) 7.7 (5.2) 6.7 (4.7) *
  1. *Significant difference (P ≤ 0.05) between boys and girls.
  2. ** Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire