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Table 3 Associations between any sports (yes versus no (referent)) and SDQ scales: regression coefficients and 95% confidence intervals.

From: Associations between sport and screen-entertainment with mental health problems in 5-year-old children

  Emotionala Conductb Hyperactivitya Peera Prosocialc Totala
Univariable Results
Boys -0.39
(-0.46, -0.31);
p < 0.001
-0.48
(-0.60, -0.39);
p < 0.001
-0.55
(-0.69, -0.41);
p < 0.001
-0.49
(-0.55, -0.42);
p < 0.001
0.22
(0.12, 0.32);
p < 0.001
-1.89
(-2.16, -1.63);
p < 0.001
Girls -0.52
(-0.62, -0.43);
p < 0.001
-0.50
(-0.59, -0.42);
p < 0.001
-0.81
(-0.93, -0.69);
p < 0.001
-0.45
(-0.53, -0.37);
p < 0.001
0.21
(0.13, 0.30);
p < 0.001
-2.29
(-2.56, -2.01);
p < 0.001
Adjusted results
Boys -0.18
(-0.26, -0.10);
p < 0.001
-0.14
(-0.22, -0.05);
p = 0.002
-0.06
(-0.20, 0.07);
p = 0.35
-0.21
(-0.29, -0.13);
p < 0.001
0.11
(0.00, 0.21);
p = 0.04
-0.60
(-0.86, -0.33);
p < 0.001
Girls -0.31
(-0.41, -0.21);
p < 0.001
-0.19
(-0.28, -0.11);
p < 0.001
-0.33
(-0.45, -0.20);
p < 0.001
-0.18
(-0.25, -0.10);
p < 0.001
0.11
(0.01, 0.20);
p = 0.03
-1.02
(-1.29, -0.75);
p < 0.001
  1. Regression coefficients represent differences in SDQ scores compared with the reference group.
  2. a Adjusted for gender, child's ethnicity, maternal employment status, mother's highest academic qualification, maternal socio-economic status, household income, lone parent status, no. of children in household, child's longstanding illness, mother's longstanding illness, maternal emotional problems.
  3. b Adjusted for gender, maternal employment status, mother's highest academic qualification, maternal socio-economic status, household income, lone parent status, no. of children in household, child's longstanding illness, mother's longstanding illness, maternal emotional problems.
  4. c Adjusted for gender, maternal employment status, mother's highest academic qualification, maternal socio-economic status, household income, lone parent status, no. of children in household, child's longstanding illness, maternal emotional problems.