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Table 5 Associations between hours of screen-entertainment and sports and SDQ scales: regression coefficients and 95% confidence intervals.

From: Associations between sport and screen-entertainment with mental health problems in 5-year-old children

  Emotionala Conductb Hyperactivityc Peerc Prosociald Totalc
Univariable Results
Boys
<2 hr/sports -0.44
(-0.54, -0.34);
p < 0.001
-0.56
(-0.67, -0.44);
p < 0.001
-0.53
(-0.74, -0.33);
p < 0.001
-0.53
(-0.64, -0.42);
p < 0.001
0.21
(0.08, 034);
p = 0.002
-2.06
(-2.44, -1.68);
p < 0.001
<2 hr/no sports 0.02
(-0.12, 0.16);
p = 0.8
-0.04
(-0.19, 0.11);
p = 0.6
-0.02
(-0.26, 0.22);
p = 0.9
-0.00
(-0.14, 0.14);
p = 0.9
-0.03
(-0.20, 0.14);
p = 0.7
-0.04
(-0.55, 0.47);
p = 0.9
≥ 2 hr/sports -0.35
(-0.45, -0.24);
p < 0.001
-0.45
(-0.55, -0.34);
p < 0.001
-0.57
(-0.73, -0.40);
p < 0.001
-0.46
(-0.55, -0.37);
p < 0.001
0.22
(0.10, 0.33);
p < 0.001
-1.81
(-2.14, -1.48);
p < 0.001
≥ 2 hr/no sports 0 0 0 0 0 0
Girls
<2 hr/sports -0.45
(-0.57, -0.33);
p < 0.001
-0.47
(-0.58. -0.35);
p < 0.001
-0.87
(-1.03, -0.70);
p < 0.001
-0.49
(-0.60, -0.39);
p < 0.001
0.19
(0.07, 0.30);
p = 0.002
-2.28
(-2.66, -1.90);
p < 0.001
<2 hr/no sports 0.06
(-0.08, 0.20);
p = 0.4
0.08
(-0.06, 0.22);
p = 0.3
0.15
(-0.05, 0.36);
p = 0.1
-0.01
(-0.15, 0.12);
p = 0.9
-0.07
(-0.21, 0.06);
p = 0.3
0.28
(-0.14, 0.71);
p = 0.2
≥ 2 hr/sports -0.54
(-0.66, -0.41);
p < 0.001
-0.47
(-0.58, -0.37);
p < 0.001
-0.65
(-0.81; -0.50);
p < 0.001
-0.42
(-0.51, -0.33);
p < 0.001
0.18
(0.07, 0.29;
p = 0.002
-2.08
(-2.42, -1.75);
p < 0.001
≥ 2 hr/no sports 0 0 0 0 0 0
Adjusted results
Boys
<2 hr/sports -0.20
(-0.32, -0.09);
p < 0.001
-0.16
(-0.28, -0.03);
p = 0.01
0.06
(-0.15, 0.27);
p = 0.6
-0.22
(-0.34, -0.09);
p < 0.001
0.07
(-0.07, 0.21);
p = 0.3
-0.54
(-0.94, -0.13);
p = 0.01
<2 hr/no sports 0.05
(-0.08, 0.18);
p = 0.5
0.01
(-0.13, 0.15);
p = 0.9
0.04
(-0.19, 0.26);
p = 0.8
0.02
(-0.11, 0.16);
p = 0.7
-0.06
(-0.23, 0.11);
p = 0.5
0.11
(-0.36, 0.58);
p = 0.6
≥ 2 hr/sports -0.15
(-0.27, -0.04);
p = 0.01
-0.12
(-0.22, -0.02);
p = 0.02
-0.11
(-0.27, 0.06);
p = 0.2
-0.21
(-0.3, -0.11);
p < 0.001
0.10
(-0.02, 0.22);
p = 0.1
-0.60
(-0.93, -0.27);
p < 0.001
≥ 2 hr/no sports 0 0 0 0 0 0
Girls
<2 hr/sports -0.20
(-0.32, -0.08);
p = 0.001
-0.09
(-0.20, 0.02);
p = 0.1
-0.27
(-0.43, -0.11);
p = 0.001
-0.20
(-0.30, -0.09);
p < 0.001
0.04
(-0.08, 0.16);
p = 0.5
-0.79
(-1.14, -0.44);
p < 0.001
<2 hr/no sports 0.08
(-0.06, 0.21);
p = 0.3
0.13
(-0.01, 0.27);
p = 0.07
0.22
(0.01, 0.42);
p = 0.04
-0.03
(-0.17, 0.12);
p = 0.7
-0.10
(-0.24, 0.04);
p = 0.2
0.37
(-0.05, 0.79);
p = 0.09
≥ 2 hr/sports -0.34
(-0.47, -0.21);
p < 0.001
-0.18
(-0.28, -0.07);
p = 0.001
-0.21
(-0.37, -0.06);
p = 0.01
-0.19
(-0.29, -0.10);
p < 0.001
0.07
(-0.04, 0.19);
p = 0.2
-0.94
(-1.28, -0.61);
p < 0.001
≥ 2 hr/no sports 0 0 0 0 0 0
  1. Regression coefficients represent differences in SDQ scores compared with the reference group (≥ 2 hr/no sports).
  2. a Adjusted for gender, child's ethnicity, maternal employment status, mother's highest academic qualification, maternal socio-economic status, household income, lone parent status, no. of children in household, mother's longstanding illness, maternal emotional problems.
  3. b Adjusted for gender, child's weight status, maternal employment status, mother's highest academic qualification, maternal socio-economic status, household income, lone parent status, no. of children in household, mother's longstanding illness, maternal emotional problems.
  4. c Adjusted for gender, child's ethnicity, child's weight status, maternal employment status, mother's highest academic qualification, maternal socio-economic status, household income, lone parent status, no. of children in household, mother's longstanding illness, maternal emotional problems.
  5. d Adjusted for gender, maternal employment status, mother's highest academic qualification, maternal socio-economic status, household income, lone parent status, no. of children in household, maternal emotional problems.