Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Region stratified and pooled estimates of change in weekly hrs of VPA days of 60 min MVPA regressed on exceeding 2 hrs daily total screen-time and in TV, Gaming, and PC use separately, controlled for age and family affluence

From: Is spending time in screen-based sedentary behaviors associated with less physical activity: a cross national investigation

  VPA MVPA
  ES 95% CI ES 95% CI ES 95% CI ES 95% CI
  Boy   Girl   Boy   Girl  
Cumulative screen         
North America -0.58 (-0.77 to -0.38) -0.57 (-0.72 to -0.42) -0.54 (-0.70 to -0.38) -0.42 (-0.55 to -0.29)
Nordic Countries -0.51 (-0.63 to -0.38) -0.36 (-0.45 to -0.28) -0.47 (-0.57 to -0.37) -0.46 (-0.54 to -0.38)
British Isles -0.31 (-0.45 to -0.16) -0.26 (-0.36 to -0.16) -0.31 (-0.41 to -0.20) -0.27 (-0.36 to -0.18)
Central Europe 0.01 (-0.08 to 0.10) -0.21 (-0.29 to -0.14) -0.22 (-0.29 to -0.14) -0.21 (-0.29 to -0.14)
Baltic Countries 0.12 (-0.05 to 0.30) -0.15 (-0.26 to -0.03) -0.21 (-0.38 to -0.04) -0.30 (-0.42 to -0.17)
Eastern Europe 0.13 (0.05 to 0.22) -0.01 (-0.07 to 0.05) -0.08 (-0.16 to 0.01) -0.15 (-0.22 to -0.08)
South Europe 0.29 (0.22 to 0.36) 0.12 (0.07 to 0.17) 0.13 (0.06 to 0.20) -0.02 (-0.08 to 0.04)
pooled ES 0.03 (-0.01 to 0.07) -0.09 (-0.12 to -0.06) -0.16 (-0.20 to -0.13) -0.21 (-0.24 to -0.18)
TV         
North America -0.39 (-0.54 to -0.24) -0.46 (-0.58 to -0.35) -0.29 (-0.41 to -0.16) -0.32 (-0.44 to -0.19)
Nordic Countries -0.27 (-0.36 to -0.19) -0.30 (-0.37 to -0.22) -0.18 (-0.26 to -0.10) -0.41 (-0.48 to -0.33)
British Isles -0.07 (-0.17 to 0.03) -0.20 (-0.29 to -0.11) -0.16 (-0.24 to -0.07) -0.20 (-0.28 to -0.12)
Central Europe 0.01 (-0.07 to 0.09) -0.22 (-0.29 to -0.15) -0.06 (-0.13 to 0.01) -0.18 (-0.25 to -0.10)
Baltic Countries -0.03 (-0.14 to 0.08) -0.09 (-0.17 to 0.00) -0.05 (-0.14 to 0.05) -0.16 (-0.26 to -0.07)
Eastern Europe 0.12 (0.05 to 0.18) -0.06 (-0.11 to -0.01) 0.01 (-0.06 to 0.07) -0.21 (-0.27 to -0.14)
South Europe 0.19 (0.13 to 0.25) 0.02 (-0.03 to 0.07) 0.10 (0.05 to 0.16) -0.07 (-0.13 to -0.02)
Pooled ES 0.02 (-0.01 to 0.05) -0.12 (-0.14 to -0.09) -0.05 (-0.07 to -0.02) -0.20 (-0.22 to -0.17)
Game         
North America -0.59 (-0.79 to -0.38) -0.14 (-0.35 to 0.06) -0.38 (-0.54 to -0.21) -0.35 (-0.56 to -0.15)
Nordic Countries -0.59 (-0.74 to -0.44) -0.31 (-0.46 to -0.16) -0.58 (-0.66 to -0.50) -0.06 (-0.21 to 0.08)
British Isles -0.27 (-0.41 to -0.13) -0.14 (-0.28 to 0.00) -0.17 (-0.27 to -0.07) 0.03 (-0.11 to 0.16)
Central Europe -0.17 (-0.29 to -0.05) -0.06 (-0.18 to 0.06) -0.22 (-0.31 to -0.14) -0.08 (-0.2 to 0.04)
Baltic Countries -0.05 (-0.20 to 0.10) -0.11 (-0.26 to 0.04) -0.17 (-0.28 to -0.06) -0.04 (-0.20 to 0.13)
Eastern Europe 0.05 (-0.04 to 0.14) 0.08 (-0.01 to 0.17) -0.11 (-0.18 to -0.04) 0.02 (-0.08 to 0.12)
South Europe 0.10 (0.01 to 0.19) 0.03 (-0.06 to 0.12) 0.03 (-0.04 to 0.10) 0.08 (-0.02 to 0.18)
Pooled ES -0.10 (-0.15 to -0.06) -0.04 (-0.09 to 0.00) -0.20 (-0.23 to -0.17) -0.02 (-0.07 to 0.03)
PC         
North America 0.20 (0.03 to 0.38) -0.17 (-0.33 to -0.02) 0.21 (0.06 to 0.36) 0.01 (-0.12 to 0.15)
Nordic Countries -0.09 (-0.19 to 0.01) -0.20 (-0.29 to -0.11) -0.10 (-0.19 to -0.01) -0.22 (-0.31 to -0.13)
British Isles 0.07 (-0.05 to 0.20) 0.00 (-0.11 to 0.11) -0.05 (-0.16 to 0.06) -0.08 (-0.18 to 0.03)
Central Europe 0.10 (0.00 to 0.20) -0.01 (-0.10 to 0.09) 0.10 (0.01 to 0.19) -0.07 (-0.16 to 0.02)
Baltic Countries 0.16 (0.02 to 0.31) 0.16 (0.03 to 0.28) -0.02 (-0.15 to 0.11) -0.04 (-0.16 to 0.08)
Eastern Europe 0.19 (0.10 to 0.28) 0.19 (0.11 to 0.26) 0.11 (0.02 to 0.21) 0.12 (0.03 to 0.22)
South Europe 0.21 (0.12 to 0.30) 0.21 (0.14 to 0.28) 0.03 (-0.05 to 0.12) 0.06 (-0.02 to 0.14)
Pooled ES 0.12 (0.08 to 0.16) 0.07 (0.03 to 0.10) 0.03 (-0.01 to 0.01) -0.03 (-0.07 to 0.00)