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Table 6 Second field testing of the ALPHA questionnaire (N = 166): Answer frequencies; mean scores and its test-retest reliability scores.

From: Measuring physical activity-related environmental factors: reliability and predictive validity of the European environmental questionnaire ALPHA

  Answer Frequencies and mean score of each item on the first assessment Test-retest reliability scores
Item/scale None A Few Some Most All Mean (SD) Agreement % ICC
1. Residential density         0.80a
   a) Detached houses 18.5 27.8 27.8 22.2 3.7 2.65 (1.1) 77 0.81
   b) Semi-detached houses or terraced houses 3.7 15.2 39.0 39.0 3.0 3.23 (0.9) 59 0.56
   c) Apartment buildings or blocks of flats 22.0 37.8 27.4 11.6 1.2 2.32 (1.0) 73 0.80
  Travel time to facilities
  1-5 min 6-10 min 11-20 min 21-30 min >30 min Mean (SD) Agreement % ICC
2. Distance to local facilities         0.87b
   a) Local shop 57.2 22.9 13.9 3.0 3.0 1.7 (1.0) 75 0.80
   b) Supermarket 43.0 24.2 20.6 5.5 6.7 2.1 (1.2) 75 0.82
   c) Local services 30.7 29.5 21.7 12.0 6.0 2.3 (1.2) 67 0.77
   d) Restaurant, café, pub.. 50.0 30.1 12.0 4.8 3.0 1.8 (1.0) 75 0.72
   e) Fast-food restaurant 36.2 23.3 13.8 12.1 14.7 2.5 (1.5) 60 0.87
   f) Bus stop 72.7 17.6 5.5 3.0 1.2 1.4 (0.8) 79 0.74
   g) Sport and leisure facility 18.7 29.5 27.7 11.4 12.7 2.7 (1.2) 65 0.75
   h) Open recreation area 48.5 27.9 10.3 6.1 7.3 3.5 (0.8) 76 0.76
  Acceptance of statements
  Strongly disagree Somewhat disagree Somewhat agree Strongly agree   Mean (SD) Agreement % ICC
3. Infrastructure         0.79b
Pedestrian infrastructure         0.75c
Cycling infrastructure         0.74d
   a) Sidewalks 4.8 7.8 17.5 69.9   3.5 (0.8) 73 0.74
   b) pedestrian zones or pedestrian trails 24.7 23.5 28.9 22.9   2.5 (1.1) 59 0.65
   c) Special lanes, routes or paths for cycling 18.8 17.0 33.9 30.3   2.8 (1.1) 62 0.69
   d) cycle routes separated from traffic 26.7 24.2 28.5 20.6   2.4 (1.1) 61 0.68
  Strongly disagree Somewhat disagree Somewhat agree Strongly agree Not applicable Mean (SD) Agreement % ICC
4. Maintenance         0.74#b
   a) sidewalks are well maintained 7.9 13.4 42.1 35.4 1.2 3.1 (0.9 57 0.60#
   b) cycling paths are well maintained 15.3 13.5 40.5 23.9 6.7 2.8 (1.0) 63 0.55#
   c) Play areas, playgrounds, parks or other open spaces are well maintained 3.1 11.7 47.2 35.0 3.1 3.2 (0.8) 66 0.62#
  Strongly disagree Somewhat disagree Somewhat agree Strongly agree   Mean (SD) Agreement % ICC
5. Safety        0.71 b  
Safety from crime        0.78 e  
Safety from traffic        0.68 f  
   a) dangerous to leave a bicycle locked 28.5 40.0 20.6 10.9   2.1 (1.0) 66 0.69
   b) not enough safe places to cross busy streets 41.2 37.0 18.2 3.6   1.8 (0.8) 61 0.57
   c) Walking is dangerous because of the traffic 47.3 40.6 10.3 1.8   1.7 (0.7) 68 0.58
   d) Cycling is dangerous because of the traffic 35.8 37.0 24.2 3.0   2.0 (0.9) 62 0.61
   e) dangerous during the day because of the level of crime 73.9 23.0 2.4 0.6   1.3 (0.5) 74 0.57
   f) dangerous during the night because of the level of crime 43.1 44.0 8.6 4.3   1.7 (0.8) 69 0.60
6. Pleasant         0.84 b
Aesthetics         0.74 g
   a) a pleasant environment for walking and cycling 3.6 19.3 45.2 31.9 3.1 (0.8)   68 0.65
  None A few Some Plenty   Mean (SD) Agreement % ICC
   b) litter or graffiti 36.7 34.9 20.5 7.8   2.0 (0.9) 71 0.82
   c) trees along the streets 15.1 18.7 37.3 28.9   2.8 (1.0) 66 0.72
   d) badly maintained, unoccupied or ugly buildings 40.6 44.2 9.7 5.5   1.8 (0.8) 68 0.57
  Strongly disagree Somewhat disagree Somewhat agree Strongly agree   Mean (SD) Agreement % ICC
7. Cycling and walking network         0.84 b
Connectivity         0.91h
   a) Many shortcuts for walking 6.0 27.7 47.0 19.3   2.8 (0.8) 67 0.58
   b) Cycling is quicker than driving during the day 19.9 31.9 25.9 22.3   2.5 (1.0) 67 0.79
   c) many road junctions 7.2 35.5 39.8 17.5   2.7 (0.8) 61 0.61
   d) many different routes for cycling or walking from place to place 3.6 19.3 56.0 21.9   2.9 (0.7) 63 0.54
  Availability of       
  yes no      Agreement % ICC
8. Home environment         0.72 b
   a) Bicycle 81.3 18.7      99  
   b) Garden 76.5 23.5      95  
   c) Small sports equipment 86.7 13.3      94  
   d) Exercise equipment 60.2 39.2      96  
   e) Car 86.1 13.3      98  
   f) Dog 19.3 80.1      98  
9. Workplace or study environment         0.83 b
   a) Escalators 47.4 52.6       91
   b) Stairs 89.5 10.5       95
   c) Fitness centre/equipment 34.9 65.1       91
   d) Bicycles provided by employer or school 19.9 80.1       91
   e) A safe place to leave a bike 74.2 25.8       87
   f) Enough car parking spaces 56.3 43.7       93
   g) Showers and changing rooms 62.9 37.1       93
   h) Exercise classes 39.1 60.9       91
   i) Sports club 38.4 61.6       89
   j) Employer subsidised public transport 48.3 51.7       87
  1. # without not applicable
  2. ICC = Intraclass correlation coefficient
  3. a weighted by the following formula = item1a + (12* item 1b)+ (50*item 1c); b: total sum score of all items; c: sum score of items 3a & 3b; d: sum score of items 3c & 3d; e: sum score of reversed items 5a, 5e & 5f; f: sum score of reversed items 5b, 5c, 5d; g:sum score of items 6b, 6c, reversed 6d; h:sum score of items 7a, 7c & 7d