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Table 3 Ratings of environments by the expert panel and commuting participants at test and retest

From: The active commuting route environment scale (ACRES): development and evaluation

  Expert panel (n = 22-24) Commuting participants (n = 43-44)
     Test Retest
Item Inner urban
mean ± SD
Suburban
mean ± SD
t-test
p-value
Inner urban
mean ± SD
Suburban
mean ± SD
t-test
p-value
Inner urban
mean ± SD
Suburban
mean ± SD
t-test
p-value
1. On the whole 8.21 ± 2.28 9.13 ± 2.33 0.219 9.43 ± 3.42 10.98 ± 2.80 0.001 8.86 ± 3.15 10.63 ± 2.68 0.000
2. Hinders or stimulates 7.79 ± 3.06 8.96 ± 2.49 0.071 9.98 ± 3.29 11.23 ± 2.57 0.004 9.18 ± 3.04 10.27 ± 2.86 0.004
3. Exhaust fumes 10.04 ± 2.60 7.50 ± 2.83 0.000 9.98 ± 2.80 7.91 ± 3.58 0.000 9.77 ± 3.09 7.32 ± 3.63 0.000
4. Noise 11.50 ± 2.18 9.45 ± 2.28 0.001 9.98 ± 2.77 8.50 ± 3.35 0.006 9.91 ± 2.44 8.52 ± 3.62 0.010
5. Flow of motor vehicles 12.09 ± 2.27 9.30 ± 3.02 0.000 12.27 ± 2.64 9.98 ± 3.73 0.000 11.41 ± 2.30 8.91 ± 3.84 0.000
6. Speeds of motor vehicles 9.00 ± 2.73 10.52 ± 2.41 0.006 8.95 ± 2.80 9.41 ± 2.68 0.098 9.25 ± 2.60 9.23 ± 2.81 0.964
7. Speeds of bicyclists 9.38 ± 2.99 10.62 ± 2.20 0.058 8.73 ± 2.73 9.11 ± 2.46 0.202 8.91 ± 2.68 8.98 ± 2.42 0.831
8. Congestion: all types of vehicles 11.92 ± 2.62 7.92 ± 2.45 0.000 10.61 ± 3.23 6.57 ± 2.92 0.000 10.30 ± 2.79 6.41 ± 3.14 0.000
9. Congestion: bicyclists 12.58 ± 2.06 7.33 ± 2.68 0.000 9.70 ± 3.59 5.41 ± 3.21 0.000 9.02 ± 3.69 5.75 ± 3.44 0.000
10. Conflicts 12.12 ± 1.92 8.58 ± 2.34 0.000 9.20 ± 3.98 4.98 ± 3.32 0.000 8.37 ± 3.77 5.74 ± 3.53 0.000
11. Bicycle paths* 6.42 ± 1.50 6.79 ± 1.18 0.372 6.93 ± 1.94 7.79 ± 2.35 0.058 6.84 ± 2.17 7.45 ± 2.50 0.222
12. Traffic: unsafe or safe 6.39 ± 2.46 9.43 ± 1.83 0.000 8.82 ± 3.42 12.00 ± 2.29 0.000 8.82 ± 3.37 11.41 ± 2.54 0.000
13. Greenery 5.58 ± 2.52 9.83 ± 2.18 0.000 7.48 ± 3.77 10.86 ± 2.81 0.000 7.57 ± 3.62 10.18 ± 2.81 0.000
14. Ugly or beautiful 10.58 ± 2.81 7.79 ± 2.70 0.002 11.20 ± 2.81 10.16 ± 3.41 0.073 10.73 ± 2.65 9.77 ± 3.06 0.061
15. Course of the route 10.50 ± 3.16 9.83 ± 3.04 0.409 7.50 ± 3.47 5.07 ± 3.55 0.000 7.11 ± 3.48 5.36 ± 2.98 0.002
16. Hilliness 7.29 ± 2.69 9.00 ± 1.96 0.005 4.77 ± 3.44 6.39 ± 3.92 0.012 5.39 ± 3.53 6.52 ± 3.62 0.015
17. Red lights 11.04 ± 3.37 8.54 ± 3.74 0.001 8.39 ± 3.86 4.48 ± 3.47 0.000 8.14 ± 3.83 5.16 ± 3.45 0.000
18. Short or long† - - - 6.73 ± 2.17 6.86 ± 2.74 0.777 7.32 ± 1.90 7.11 ± 2.32 0.604
  1. *Minimal value = 0, and maximal value = 10.
  2. †Not assessed by the expert panel.