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Table 4 Association between parenting behavior and child physical activity while controlling for known covariates.

From: Parent-child interactions and objectively measured child physical activity: a cross-sectional study

  Total Counts/da(per 10,000) Minutes of MVPAb
Dependent: B SE Std. β t p B SE Std. β t p
Parenting style      
Model 1:           
   Authoritative -5.36 4.86 -0.15 -1.10 0.27 -11.15 11.8 -0.13 -0.95 0.35
   Permissive 0.25 4.95 0.01 0.05 0.96 -1.12 12.0 -0.01 -0.09 0.93
   Uninvolved -10.19 4.48 -0.31 -2.27 0.03 -23.38 10.9 -0.30 -2.15 0.04
Parenting practices      
Model 2: 2.80 1.92 0.16 1.46 0.15 7.34 4.6 0.18 1.60 0.12
   Logistical support           
Model 3: -0.50 2.18 -0.03 -0.23 0.82 -2.02 5.2 -0.04 -0.38 0.70
   Explicit modeling           
Model 4: -1.44 1.81 -0.09 -0.77 0.44 -5.13 4.4 -0.13 -1.15 0.25
   Monitoring           
Model 5: -0.06 1.58 -0.00 -0.04 0.97 -2.23 3.8 -0.66 -0.59 0.56
   Discipline           
Model 6: 0.02 1.56 0.00 0.01 0.99 -1.57 3.74 -0.05 -0.42 0.68
   Reinforcement           
Model 7: -2.04 1.46 -0.16 -1.40 0.17 -4.38 3.51 -0.14 -1.25 0.22
   Control           
Model 8: 0.06 1.79 0.04 0.34 0.74 0.28 4.30 0.01 0.07 0.95
   Limit setting           
  1. Note. *Reference group for parenting style (authoritarian)
  2. p < 0.05; All models adjusted for child characteristics (gender, age, number of siblings).
  3. Adjusted R-square: Model 1a = .217; Model 1b = .190; Model 2a = .181; Model 2b = .172; Model 3a = .157; Model 3b = .144; Model 4a = .156; Model 4b = .149; Model 5a = .156; Model 5b = .146; Model 6a = .156; Model 6b = .144; Model 7a = .179; Model 7b = .160; Model 8a = .158; Model 8b = .142