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Table 5 Moderated regression analysis examining the association between parenting styles and practices with child physical activity.

From: Parent-child interactions and objectively measured child physical activity: a cross-sectional study

  Total Counts/da(per 10,000) Minutes of MVPAb
Dependent: B SE Std. β t p B SE Std. β t p
Model 9: Parenting Style*Monitoring       
   Monitoring -2.52 3.64 -0.15 -0.69 0.49 -6.39 8.89 -0.16 -0.72 0.48
   Authoritative -4.19 5.18 -0.12 -0.81 0.42 -7.97 12.66 -0.09 -0.63 0.53
   Permissive -3.26 5.55 -0.09 -0.59 0.56 -7.48 13.56 -0.08 -0.55 0.58
   Uninvolved -9.30 4.73 -0.28 -1.96 0.05 -21.20 11.54 -0.27 -1.84 0.07
   Authoritative × Monitoring 1.45 5.80 0.03 0.25 0.80 1.25 14.16 0.01 0.09 0.93
   Permissive × Monitoring 1.38 6.10 0.32 2.25 0.03 28.58 14.91 0.28 1.92 0.06
   Uninvolved × Monitoring -2.92 4.60 -0.11 -0.64 0.53 -7.94 11.24 -0.12 -0.71 0.48
Model 10: Parenting Style*Reinforcement       
   Reinforcement 0.04 2.37 0.00 0.02 0.98 -0.35 5.76 -0.01 -0.06 0.95
   Authoritative -3.88 4.75 -0.11 -0.82 0.42 -5.17 11.55 -0.06 -0.45 0.66
   Permissive -8.18 5.06 -0.22 -1.61 0.11 -19.66 12.29 -0.22 -1.60 0.12
   Uninvolved -1.15 4.20 -0.35 -2.73 0.01 -26.28 10.20 -0.33 -2.58 0.01
   Authoritative × Reinforcement -4.83 3.95 -0.16 -1.22 0.23 -15.28 9.60 -0.21 -1.59 0.12
   Permissive × Reinforcement 1.82 5.32 0.41 3.43 0.00 40.54 12.93 0.38 3.14 0.00
   Uninvolved × Reinforcement -3.04 3.48 -0.12 -0.87 0.39 -8.23 8.46 -0.13 -0.98 0.33
  1. Note. Reference group for parenting style (authoritarian)
  2. p < .05; All models adjusted for child characteristics (gender, age, number of siblings).
  3. Model 9a: R2 change = .247, F(4,70) = 4.202, p = .004; R2 = .372, Adj R2 = .274; Model 9b: R2 change = .220, F(4,70) = 3.553, p = .004; R2 = .340, Adj R2 = .237;
  4. Model 10a: R2 change = .317, F(4,71) = 6.075, p = .000; R2 = .435, Adj R2 = .348; Model 10b: R2 change = .307, F(4,71) = 5.67, p = .000; R2 = .413, Adj R2 = .323