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Table 2 Socio-demographic and area characteristics of study samples

From: Reliable and valid NEWS for Chinese seniors: measuring perceived neighborhood attributes related to walking

Characteristic Pilot study Main study
  N % N %
Participants     
   Gender 25 50 201 42
Male 25 50 283 58
Female     
   Age     
65 - 74 years 28 56 324 67
75 - 84 years 18 36 150 31
85+ years 4 8 10 2
   Educational attainment     
Secondary or above 21 42 189 39
Primary 23 46 232 48
No formal education but can read and write 7 14 49 10
Illiterate 0 0 14 3
Study areas (districts) HWHSES LWHSES HWLSES LWLSES
   Number of participants in pilot study 12 14 12 12
   Number of participants in main study 120 120 124 120
   District median monthly household income (HK$) b 25,000 20,000 12,200 13,000
   % of owner occupiers in district b 62 62 42 50
   Intersection density (intersections/km2) 165 15a 197 12a
   Household density (number of households/km2) 5861 2514a 12216 1979a
   Commercial/service destination density (units/km2) d 1643 72a 1584 88a
  1. a park land area excluded; b Data supplied by the Census and Statistics Department of Hong Kong SAR (2006); Computed using data from Centamap www.centamap.com; d Computed using data from the Quarterly Survey of Employment and Vacancies (Census and Statistics Department of Hong Kong SAR, March, 2006). Data on two categories of establishments relevant to residents' transport-related walking were included: (1) community, social and personal services; (2) Wholesale, retail and import and export trades, restaurants and hotels; HW = high walkable; HSES = high socio-economic status; LW = low walkable; LSES = low socio-economic status.