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Table 3 Associations between dietary behaviors and social norms, with and without control for social support

From: Is healthy behavior contagious: associations of social norms with physical activity and healthy eating

Predictors of fast food consumption Step 1a Step 2b
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Social norms for fast food consumption     
   Neutral/disagree/strongly disagree 1   1  
   Agree/strongly agree 1.34*** 1.17, 1.52 1.32*** 1.17, 1.51
Predictors of soft drink consumption Step 1 a Step 2 b
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Social norms for soft drink consumption     
   Neutral/disagree/strongly disagree 1   1  
   Agree/strongly agree 1.33*** 1.18, 1.50 1.33*** 1.17, 1.50
Predictors of fruit and vegetable consumption Step 1 a Step 2 b
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Social norms for healthy eating     
   Neutral/disagree/strongly disagree 1   1  
   Agree/strongly agree 1.19** 1.07, 1.33 1.12^ 0.99, 1.25
  1. * p < .05, ** p < .005, *** p < .0005
  2. ^ p < .10 (trend level association)
  3. a outcome regressed on social norm variables individually, controlling for respondent education, marital status, number of children, and whether they were trying to maintain/lose/gain weight
  4. b outcome regressed on social norm variables individually, controlling for family support for healthy eating and friend/colleague support for healthy eating, plus all previous covariates (respondent education, marital status, number of children, and whether they were trying to maintain/lose/gain weight)