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Table 1 Details of shortlisted instruments, including ratings of validity and reliability

From: An assessment of self-reported physical activity instruments in young people for population surveillance: Project ALPHA

Instrument Validity demonstrated1 Reliability demonstrated2 Feasibility Age range tested Data since 1998? Large scale survey data? European data?
  (quality of study score/statistical strength)   PA domain Time frame # items Admin3 Time     
Self-Administered Physical Activity Checklist (SAPAC) 2/2 2 # activities, MVPA minutes, PA MET score Previous day 21 item checklist SR ? 11 y + Some
Adolescent Physical Activity Recall Questionnaire (A-PARQ) 3/1 2 Organised sport, non-organised sport Normal week Free response with example activities listed SR 20 mins 13 & 15 y
Swedish Adolescent Physical Activity Questionnaire (SwAPAQ) 2/2 0 School, transport and leisure time PA, sitting time Last 7 d 25 SR ? 16-17 y
Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children (PAQ-C)
Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents (PAQ-A)
3/2 2 MVPA, longer-than-10mins-MVPA 7 d 9 SR 20 mins 8-13 y PAQ-C; 13-20 y PAQ-A
Youth Risk Behaviour Surveillance Survey (YRBS) 3/2 2 School and leisure time PA, strength exercises, sport Past week or year 5 SR ? 10-21 y
Health Behaviour in School Aged Children (HBSC) 3/1/2 3 Out of school MVPA Usual frequency & duration 2 SR ? 11-16 y
Children's Leisure Activities Study Survey (CLASS) 2/1 1 Moderate, vigorous, & total PA Typical week Check-list SR
PP
? 5-12 y
Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire (LTEQ) 3/1 2 Strenuousmoderate and mild exercise for more than 15 minutes 7 d 4 SR (interview lead) <5 mins 9 y +
Seven-Day Physical Activity Recall (7D-PAR) 3/2 3 Very hard & mod PA for more than 15 mins 7 d   IA ? 11-16 y
Teen Health Survey 3/2 2 MVPA (>= 3 METS) 7 d or typical week 2 SR ? 14-17 y
Four by One-day Recall Physical Activity Questionnaire (4BY1DPAR) 2/2/3 1 PA at school, sport at school, leisure time PA, leisure time sport 24 h × 4 d   SR & IA ? 7-18 y
Computerised Activity Recall (CAR) 2/2 2 All PA and SB of at least 15 min duration Previous day ~200 SR via computer driven menu ? 10-13 y
Children's Physical Activity Interview 3/2 0 All PA during waking hours Previous day Free response directed by interviewer 5 time periods IA 18 mins 8-11 y
Cardio-vascular Risk in Young Finns 2/2 1 Leisure time PA, sports club/competitions Habitual 5 SR ? 3-18 y
ACTIVITY video questionnaire 2/2 0 School day PA 1 d 10 SR (by video) ? 7-8 y
Youth Media Campaign Longitudinal Survey (YMCLS) 3/2 2 Out-of-school activities (organised), leisure time PA 1 d & 7 d Free response IA (phone) ? 9-13 y
School Health Action, Planning and Evaluation System (SHAPES) Physical Activity Questionnaire 3/3 2 All PA 7 d 45 SR ? 11-17 y
Finnish Twin Cohort Study 2/3 3 Leisure time PA, Habitual 2 SR ? 16-18 y
Physical Activity and Lifestyle Questionnaire (PALQ) 3/2 3 Leisure time PA 7 d and habitual 27 SR ? ~13 y
Physical Activity and Exercise Questionnaire (PAEQ) 2/1 0 Usual PA Habitual 3 section s (multiple questions) SR ? 10-15 y
  1. 1 Validity (quality of study score): 0 = none; 1 = weak; 2 = moderate; 3 = strong. Validity (statistical strength): 1 = poor; 2 = fair; 3 = good.
  2. 2 Reliability: 0 = none; 1 = weak; 2 = moderate; 3 = strong.
  3. 3 SR: self-report; PP: parent proxy report; IA: interviewer administered
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