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Table 4 Adjusted prevalence odds ratios for personal and environmental factors associated with walking in leisure time, Brazil, 2007-2009.

From: Walking for leisure among adults from three Brazilian cities and its association with perceived environment attributes and personal factors

Variables Model* Categories Curitiba Recife Vitoria All
    Adjusted OR1
(95% CI)
p-value Adjusted OR1
(95% CI)
p-value Adjusted OR1
(95% CI)
p-value Adjusted OR1
(95% CI)
p-value
Gender 1 Men Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
   Women 0.9 (0.7-1.3) 0.90 1.0 (0.7-1.5) 0.64 1.0 (0.7-1.2) 0.86 1.0 (0.8-1.2) 0.84
Age categories 1 16-34 2.0 (1.2-3.4) 0.00 4.3 (2.6-7.1) 0.00 4.2 (2.8-6.5) 0.00 3.0 (2.1-4.3) 0.00
   35-45 1.2 (0.8-1.9) 0.30 3.1 (1.9-5.0) 0.00 2.3 (1.6-3.4) 0.00 2.0 (1.4-2.7) 0.00
   55+ Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
Education level 1 < High Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
   High school 1.5 (1.0-2.2) 0.04 1.5 (1.0-2.4) 0.03 1.3 (0.8-2.1) 0.15 1.3 (0.9-1.7) 0.07
   > High school 0.8 (0.5-1.3) 0.61 2.1 (1.3-3.3) 0.00 1.6 (1.0-2.5) 0.02 1.9 (1.4-2.6) 0.00
Marital status 1 Single 1.2 (0.6-2.1) 0.47 1.1 (0.6-2.1) 0.62 0.7 (0.5-1.0) 0.19 1.2 (0.8-1.8) 0.36
   Married 1.0 (0.6-1.5) 0.22 0.9 (0.6-1.5) 0.87 0.7 (0.4-1.1) 0.08 0.9 (0.7-1.3) 0.99
   Other Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
Perceived health 2 Poor/Regular Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
   Good 0.9 (0.6-1.4) 0.77 1.2 (0.8-1.8) 0.30 1.4 (0.9-2.1) 0.07 1.1 (0.8-1.4) 0.49
   Very good/excellent 1.5 (0.9-2.4) 0.05 2.2 (1.4-3.4) 0.00 1.7 (1.1-2.6) 0.01 1.8 (1.3-2.4) 0.00
Body mass index 2 Normal 0.8 (0.6-1.1) 0.35 0.8 (0.6-1.1) 0.35 1.1 (0.8-1.5) 0.25 0.8 (0.6-1.0) 0.22
   Overweight/Obese Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
Sidewalks on nearby streets 3 No 1.2 (0.8-1.8) 0.34 1.8 (0.9-3.5) 0.08 1.3 (1.0-1.7) 0.04 1.5 (1.0-2.1) 0.01
   Yes Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
Traffic makes it difficult to cycle/walk 3 No Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
   Yes 0.8 (0.5-1.1) 0.22 1.0 (0.7-1.5) 0.63 0.9 (0.7-1.3) 0.88 0.9 (0.7-1.2) 0.77
Safe to cycle/walk during the night 3 No 0.7 (0.5-1.0) 0.09 0.8 (0.5-1.2) 0.42 0.9 (0.6-1.2) 0.61 0.8 (0.6-1.0) 0.12
   Yes Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
Safe to cycle/walk during the day 3 No 0.9 (0.5-1.5) 0.83 0.9 (0.6-1.4) 0.87 0.8 (0.6-1.1) 0.23 0.9 (0.7-1.3) 0.93
   Yes Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
  1. 1Weighed prevalence odds ratio adjusted for Gender, Age categories, Education level, Marital status, Perceived health and BMI; 2Weighed prevalence odds ratio adjusted for Gender, Age categories, Education level, Marital status, Perceived health, BMI and City
  2. * Model: level 1 = demographics; level 2 = BMI and perceived health; level 3 = perceived environment variables