Skip to main content

Table 3 Performance of the IPAQ-SF within specific levels of activity: Correlations between objective/fitness measures and physical activity sub-scores at different levels of intensity from 15 studies

From: Validity of the international physical activity questionnaire short form (IPAQ-SF): A systematic review

Reference Objective standard Objective standard unit IPAQ-SF intensity (min/wk) (ρ) Re-categorization by the investigators
    Vigorous Moderate Walking  
Ishikawa-Takata 2008 [28] Doubly labeled water TEE     /(3 categories)‡
   PAL     * (3 categories) ‡
Lachat 2008 [35] accelerometer Count 0.29 -0.01   
Mader 2006 [36]1 accelerometer Count -0.18 0.23 0.42 b 0.43 (moderate + walking)
Dinger 2006 [25]2 accelerometer Step 0.30 0.14   
Kolbe-Alexander 2006 [43]3 accelerometer Count   0.37† 0.57a  
     0.08†† 0.42††b  
Rangul 2008 [23]4 accelerometer TEE     0.09 (3 categories) ‡
   PAL     0.03 (3 categories) ‡
Kurtze 2008 [34]5 accelerometer AEE 0.05 0.16   
   PAL 0.08 0.14   
Mader 2006 [36]1 accelerometer Vigorous PA min/wk (Swartz) -0.03    
Dinger 2006 [25]2 accelerometer Vigorous + moderate 10-min bout 0.44 b 0.19   
   Vigorous PA min/wk 0.47 b    
Cust 2009 [40]6 accelerometer Vigorous PA min/wk 0.28#    
    0.32##    
Timperio 2004 [42]7 accelerometer Vigorous PA min/wk 0.15¶    
    0.28¶¶    
Kolbe-Alexander 2006 [43]3 accelerometer Vigorous count (Freedson) 0.43b    
    0.05††    
Ramirez-Marrero 2010 [38]8 accelerometer Moderate PA min/wk (Freedson) 0.23 -0.03   
   Vigorous + moderate min/wk (Freedson)     0.15 (Vigorous + moderate min/wk)
Mader 2006 [36]1 accelerometer Moderate PA min/wk (Swartz)   0.38 0.27 0.39 (moderate + walking)
Dinger 2006 [25]2 accelerometer Moderate PA min/wk   0.23   
Cust 2009 [40]6 accelerometer Moderate PA min/wk   0.34#   0.32# (moderate + walking)
     0.01##   0.08## (moderate + walking)
Timperio 2004 [42]7 accelerometer Moderate PA min/wk   0.13¶   
     0.27¶¶   
Kolbe-Alexander 2006 [43]3 accelerometer Moderate PA min/wk   0.31† 0.56a  
     -0.09†† 0.08††  
Ramirez-Marrero 2010 [38]8 pedometer Count 0.16 0.76 a   0.18 (vigorous + moderate min/wk)
De Cocker 2009 [30] pedometer Count 0.20 0.33 0.15  
Deng 2008 [20] pedometer Count -0.09 0.05 0.51 a  
Dinger 2006 [25]2 pedometer Count 0.38 0.17   
Reference Fitness measure Fitness measure unit IPAQ-SF intensity (min/wk) (ρ) Re-categorization by the investigators
    Vigorous Moderate Walking  
Papathanasiou 2010 [37] Treadmill Maximum time endured 0.43 b 0.16   
Rangul 2008 [25]4 VO2max Walking distance     0.32 (3 categories)
Kurtze 2008 [34]5 VO2max ml/kg/min 0.41 b 0.19   
Mader 2006 [36]1 VO2max ml/kg/min    0.29  
Fogelholm 2006 [41] VO2max ml/kg/min *‡‡‡    * (5 categories) ‡‡
Egeland 2008 [44] Body fat Percentage -0.26    
Fogelholm 2006 [41] Sit-ups Maximum number *‡‡‡    * (5 categories) ‡‡
  Push-up Maximum number *‡‡‡    * (5 categories) ‡‡
  Squats Maximum number *‡‡‡    * (5 categories) ‡‡
  1. AEE: average energy expenditure
  2. TEE: total energy expenditure;
  3. PAL: physical activity level (TEE/basal metabolic rate)
  4. MET: metabolic equivalent task
  5. MET min/wk (Swartz): moderate PA: 574≤ count/min ≤4945, vigorous PA: count/min > 4945
  6. MET min/wk (Freedson): moderate PA: 1952≤ count/min ≤5724, vigorous PA: count/min > 5724
  7. Studies cited more than once have been identified with the same superscript number
  8. 3 categories‡: novel definition [23] of: low, moderate, high
  9. 5 categories‡‡: novel definition [36] of five quintiles according to IPAQ-SF total MET score (‡‡)/time spent on vigorous activity (‡‡‡)
  10. a: moderate effect size (0.5 - 0.79)
  11. b: approaching moderate effect size (0.4 - 0.49)
  12. †/††: male/female
  13. #/##: high/low confidence
  14. ¶/¶¶: with/without logbook
  15. *: significant (p <0.05) between-category difference from ANOVA test
  16. /: nonsignificant (p > 0.05) between-category difference from ANOVA test