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Table 1 Mean trips per week made by different transport modes for selected participant characteristics

From: Getting out and about in older adults: the nature of daily trips and their association with objectively assessed physical activity

   Trips·wk-1 (mean ± SD) a  
   Transport mode  
  n Drive (car) Passenger (car) Active Public/other Total
Gender       
Female 105 2.6 ± 2.7 2.2 ± 2.5 2.6 ± 2.7 1.0 ± 1.8 8.7 ± 3.9
Male 109 5.3 ± 3.6 1.0 ± 1.5 3.4 ± 3.6 0.5 ± 1.2 10.5 ± 5.6
T-test   t = -4.7, p < .001 t = 4.4, p < .001 t = -1.8, p = .08 t = 2.6, p = .01 t = 2.7, p = .008
Age group       
70-74.9 y 76 5.6 ± 4.9 1.5 ± 2.2 3.6 ± 3.6 0.6 ± 1.3 11.5 ± 5.4
75-79.9 y 58 4.6 ± 4.2 1.5 ± 1.9 2.9 ± 3.1 0.6 ± 1.1 9.9 ± 4.7
80-84.9 y 54 2.4 ± 3.3 1.6 ± 2.0 2.6 ± 2.6 1.2 ± 2.1 8.2 ± 3.5
≥85 y 26 1.1 ± 1.9 2.0 ± 2.4 2.5 ± 3.2 0.6 ± 1.6 6.4 ± 4.2
ANOVA   F = 11.4, p < .001 F = 0.4, p = .725 F = 1.3, p = .280 F = 2.4, p = .068 F = 9.9, p < .001
BMI category       
Normal (< 25 kg·m 2 ) b 70 3.6 ± 4.6 1.4 ± 2.2 3.2 ± 3.4 1.4 ± 2.1 9.9 ± 4.6
Overweight (25.0-29.9 kg·m 2 ) 86 4.2 ± 3.7 1.4 ± 1.8 3.5 ± 3.4 0.3 ± 0.8 9.6 ± 5.2
Obese (≥ 30 kg·m 2 ) 58 4.1 ± 4.9 2.0 ± 2.4 2.0 ± 2.4 0.6 ± 1.3 9.2 ± 4.8
ANOVA   F = 0.4, p = .701 F = 2.1, p = .120 F = 3.9, p = .022 F = 10.4, p < .001 F = 0.4, p = .699
Physical Function (SPPB score category)       
Low (≤6) 28 1.0 ± 1.4 2.1 ± 2.4 1.7 ± 2.8 0.5 ± 1.4 5.4 ± 3.6
Mid (7-9) 50 2.5 ± 3.2 1.6 ± 1.8 2.1 ± 2.3 0.9 ± 1.7 7.6 ± 3.8
High (≥10) 136 5.1 ± 4.6 1.5 ± 2.1 3.6 ± 3.4 0.8 ± 1.5 11.2 ± 4.9
ANOVA   F = 15.6, p < .001 F = 0.9, p = .401 F = 7.1, p = .001 F = 0.5, p = .619 F = 26.9, p < .001
Walking and mobility aid use       
None 153 4.6 ± 4.4 1.5 ± 2.1 3.5 ± 3.3 0.7 ± 1.5 10.6 ± 4.7
Walking aid 55 2.4 ± 3.7 1.8 ± 2.0 2.6 ± 2.6 0.9 ± 1.8 7.5 ± 4.7
Mobility aid 6 2.2 ± 3.4 2.5 ± 2.3 0.0 0.3 ± 0.5 5.2 ± 2.1
ANOVA   F = 6.1, p = .003 F = 1.0, p = .368 F = 7.0, p = .001 F = 0.4, p = .664 F = 11.8, p < .001
Education c       
Primary/middle 44 2.3 ± 4.1 1.9 ± 2.1 1.9 ± 2.3 0.8 ± 1.6 7.4 ± 4.7
Secondary 65 3.5 ± 4.1 1.7 ± 2.3 2.6 ± 2.4 1.0 ± 2.0 9.2 ± 4.6
Tertiary 104 5.0 ± 4.3 1.3 ± 1.9 3.7 ± 0.7 0.6 ± 1.2 10.9 ± 4.8
ANOVA   F = 6.7, p = .002 F = 1.3, p = .274 F = 6.1, p = .003 F = 1.4, p = .251 F = 9.1, p < .001
IMD d       
Low 70 5.1 ± 4.2 1.5 ± 2.2 3.9 ± 3.9 0.5 ± 1.1 11.3 ± 4.7
Mid 73 3.4 ± 4.0 1.7 ± 2.3 2.3 ± 2.6 0.9 ± 1.8 8.6 ± 4.5
High 71 3.5 ± 4.7 1.5 ± 1.9 2.8 ± 2.8 1.0 ± 1.7 8.9 ± 5.2
ANOVA   F = 3.3, p = .038 F = 0.2, p = .801 F = 4.7, p = .010 F = 2.1, p = .121 F = 6.5, p = .002
Amenities within 5-min walk category e       
None 18 1.3 ± 2.4 2.2 ± 2.7 1.4 ± 2.2 0.6 ± 1.5 5.8 ± 4.0
1 26 3.3 ± 3.9 2.1 ± 2.0 2.7 ± 3.3 0.5 ± 0.8 8.7 ± 4.3
2-3 56 4.4 ± 4.6 1.7 ± 2.0 2.6 ± 2.7 0.6 ± 1.4 9.7 ± 4.6
4-7 59 4.5 ± 4.6 1.1 ± 1.9 2.6 ± 2.9 1.0 ± 1.9 9.8 ± 5.1
≥8 55 4.2 ± 4.2 1.5 ± 2.2 4.4 ± 3.8 0.8 ± 1.6 11.1 ± 4.9
   F = 2.3, p = .064 F = 1.6, p = .178 F = 4.5, p = .002 F = 0.8, p = .508 F = 4.5, p = .002
Home circumstances f       
Live alone 77 3.3 ± 4.2 1.1 ± 1.7 3.0 ± 2.7 1.3 ± 2.0 9.0 ± 4.5
Live with others 128 4.4 ± 4.4 1.9 ± 2.3 3.0 ± 3.5 0.5 ± 1.2 10.0 ± 5.2
T-test   t = 1.8, p = .079 t = 2.8, p = .008 t = 0.1, p = .885 t = -3.7, p = .001 t = 1.4, p = .158
Number of cars in household       
None 52 0.3 ± 0.9 1.4 ± 1.5 2.8 ± 2.7 1.9 ± 2.3 6.7 ± 3.2
1 126 4.7 ± 4.1 1.5 ± 2.2 3.2 ± 3.4 0.4 ± 1.0 10.1 ± 4.9
≥2 34 7.2 ± 4.7 2.1 ± 2.3 2.6 ± 3.4 0.3 ± 0.6 12.4 ± 4.9
ANOVA   F = 41.6, p < .001 F = 1.3, p = .276 F = 0.7, p = .505 F = 24.0, p < .001 F = 17.5, p < .001
  1. a Trips per week calculated by number of trips made divided by the number of days for which log data was provided that could be matched with accelerometer data, multiplied by 7. b Normal weight includes eight participants whose BMI was < 18.5 kg·m2 (range 16.0 - 18.33 kg·m2). c Highest level of education achieved. Primary/middle includes those did some, but did not complete secondary school. Tertiary includes college and university education. One participant did not provide information on education. d IMD, Index of Multiple Deprivation. e Amenities within 5-min walk category, number of amenities (e.g., shop, post office, park) that were perceived to be within a 5-minute walk of the participants home. f Seven females and two males failed to provide data on home circumstances. See Figure 2 for notes on transport modes.