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Table 1 Factors reported to be associated with physical activity maintenance among adolescents who maintained or declined involvement in physical activity

From: Maintenance and decline of physical activity during adolescence: insights from a qualitative study

Theory of Planned Behavior components Themes   Adolescents who
maintain PA
Adolescents who
decline PA
Attitudes Benefits/Consequences Mental health + +
   Acute disease prevention +  
   Better performance +  
   Social interactions + -
   Body image +  
Subjective norms Social support and pressure Parental support + -
   Role modeling +  
   Social environment pressure   -
   Social validation + -
  Media Influence from celebrities +  
Perceived behavioural control Perceived competence Feeling of competence + -
  Access Cost, time, availability   -
   Parental support + -
  1. PA = physical activity; + denotes factors reported to be positively associated with the maintenance of physical activity throughout adolescence; - denotes factors reported to be negatively associated with the maintenance of physical activity during adolescence.