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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study participants stratified by trial arm

From: Dietary weight loss and exercise interventions effects on quality of life in overweight/obese postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled trial

  Control Diet Exercise Diet+Exercise
  N = 87 N = 118 N = 117 N = 117
Demographics     
   Age (years), mean (SD) 57.4 (4.4) 58.1 (5.9) 58.1 (5.0) 58.0 (4.5)
   Ethnicity, N (%)     
Non-Hispanic white 74 (85.1) 101 (85.6) 98 (83.8) 100 (85.5)
   Education, N (%)     
College degree 59 (67.8) 76 (64.4) 70 (59.8) 82 (70.1)
   Marital status a, N (%)     
Married or with partner 59 (67.8) 79 (67.0) 71 (60.7) 70 (60.3)
   Employment b, N (%)     
Employed 72 (97.3) 92 (87.6) 87 (90.6) 94 (91.2)
Unemployed 2 (2.7) 13 (12.4) 9 (9.4) 9 (8.7)
Anthropometrics, mean (SD)     
   BMI(kg/m2), 30.7 (3.9) 31.0 (3.9) 30.7 (3.7) 31.0 (4.3)
   Body fat (%) 47.8 (4.5) 47.6 (4.4) 47.9 (4.1) 48.0 (4.6)
   Waist circumference (cm) 94.3 (11.3) 94.6 (10.2) 95.1 (10.1) 93.7 (9.9)
Antidepressants/anxiolytics use, N (%)     
   Yes 29 (33.3) 35 (29.7) 41 (35.0) 44 (37.6)
Lifestyle factors, mean (SD)     
   Aerobic fitness (ml/kg/min), 23.1 (4.1) 22.6 (3.8) 22.5 (4.1) 23.5 (4.1)
   Physical activity (min/week) 23.8 (41.2) 33.6 (45.5) 37.7 (43.7) 33.6 (44.7)
   Calorie intake (kcal/day) c 1988 (669) 1884 (661) 1986 (589) 1890 (638)
Psychosocial factors, mean (SD)     
   Depression 48.0 (9.0) 49.4 (9.8) 48.3 (9.4) 48.3 (8.7)
   Anxiety 45.3 (7.0) 44.9 (6.8) 43.5 (6.1) 44.2 (6.8)
   Perceived stress 3.71 (2.64) 3.47 (2.66) 3.43 (2.75) 3.04 (2.35)
   Social support 81.0 (20.1) 80.0 (19.3) 81.4 (15.9) 81.7 (19.4)
Health-related quality of life, mean (SD)     
   Physical functioning 86.8 (11.7) 86.2 (11.0) 87.8 (11.1) 86.7 (12.1)
   Role-physical 81.6 (30.1) 83.5 (26.8) 82.8 (29.3) 83.5 (25.9)
   Bodily pain 75.8 (17.2) 76.9 (15.1) 77.8 (16.5) 78.8 (16.8)
   General health 57.1 (8.0) 55.9 (7.7) 56.9 (6.7) 57.6 (6.4)
   Vitality 57.4 (16.0) 56.6 (17.7) 60.3 (16.3) 58.7 (18.6)
   Social functioning 87.8 (18.0) 88.1 (17.1) 91.4 (13.1) 90.8 (13.4)
   Role-emotional 84.1 (26.9) 82.2 (28.5) 87.5 (25.5) 88.6 (20.1)
   Mental health 77.1 (13.5) 76.8 (13.1) 81.1 (10.0) 79.1 (12.3)
  1. a marital status (n = 438); b employment (n = 378); c calorie intake (n = 427)