Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of getABI patients at time of the 7-year follow-up by subgroups

From: Barriers to physical activity in older adults in Germany: a cross-sectional study

  Subjectively insufficiently active patients + complete data on barriers
(n = 286)
Subjectively sufficiently active patients
(n = 1607)
  Patients with incomplete data (n = 44)  
  n % n % chi2 n % chi2
Sociodemographic variables         
Male 141 49.3 741 46.1 n.s. 22 50.0 n.s.
Age (years)         
   < 75 83 29.0 359 22.3 n.s. 7 15.9 n.s.
   75-79 113 39.5 692 43.1   20 45.5  
   80-84 64 22.4 410 25.5   10 22.7  
   ≥ 85 26 9.1 146 9.1   7 15.9  
Native country Germany 258 90.2 1470 91.5 n.s. 37 84.1 n.s.
Qualification         
   No qualification or basic secondary school 148 52.9 963 60.6 n.s. 24 55.8 n.s.
   Vocational school 79 28.2 379 23.8   13 30.2  
   University entrance qualification 53 18.9 248 15.6   3 14.0  
Living alone 93 32.5 594 37.0 n.s. 13 29.5 n.s.
Cardiovascular risk factors         
Currently smoking (baseline) 24 8.4 102 6.3 n.s. 1 2.3 n.s.
Waist circumference#:
women ≥ 88 cm; men ≥ 102 cm
197 71.1 966 61.8 * 31 73.8 n.s.
Medical conditions and medication         
Hypertension 199 69.6 1018 63.4 * 30 68.2 n.s.
Coronary heart disease and/or myocardial infarction 82 28.7 400 24.9 n.s. 16 36.4 n.s.
Chronic heart failure 75 26.2 284 17.7 * 11 25.0 n.s.
Diabetes mellitus 105 36.7 360 22.4 * 14 31.8 n.s.
Peripheral arterial disease 45 15.7 175 10.9 n.s. 9 20.5 n.s.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 45 15.7 187 11.7 n.s. 6 13.6 n.s.
Arthritis (degenerative or rheumatoid) 134 46.9 535 33.3 * 19 43.2 n.s.
Osteoporosis 48 16.8 221 13.8 n.s. 5 11.4 n.s.
Number of chronic diseases         
   0-1 71 24.8 631 39.3 * 12 27.3 n.s.
   2-3 141 49.3 742 46.2   22 50.0  
   4-5 66 23.1 205 12.8   9 20.5  
   ≥ 6 8 2.8 27 1.7   1 2.3  
Number of medications         
   0-2 22 7.7 220 13.7 * 2 4.5 n.s.
   3-5 82 28.7 559 34.8   10 22.7  
   6-8 103 36.0 530 33.0   16 36.4  
   9-11 57 19.9 212 13.2   9 20.5  
   ≥ 12 22 7.7 85 5.3   7 15.9  
Need for walking aid 68 23.8 243 15.1 * 16 39.0 *
Falls (preceding 12 months) 78 27.3 340 21.2 * 10 22.7 n.s.
Pain (preceding 3 months) 186 65.0 815 50.7 * 30 68.2 n.s.
  1. # Waist circumference at 7-year follow-up was used for analysis. If this value was missing, waist circumference at 5-year follow-up was used.
  2. referring to the chronic diseases listed above
  3. chi2 Pearson's chi-square test (p < .05)
  4. n.s. No significant difference in comparison to the group of subjectively insufficiently active patients
  5. * Significant difference in comparison to the group of subjectively insufficiently active patients