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Table 3 Environmental, social and individual variables associated with boys cycling to/from school ≥ 1 trip/week in logistic regression models.

From: On your bike! a cross-sectional study of the individual, social and environmental correlates of cycling to school

  Model 1
(Objective environment)
Model 2
(Model 1 + perceptions of environment)
Model 3
(Model 2 + social factors)
Model 4
(Model 3 + individual factors)
Variables OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Distance (km) 0.82 0.71-0.96* 0.88 0.79-0.98* 0.82 0.67-0.99* 0.70 0.63-0.99*
Low road traffic volume (RTV)a 0.20 0.04-0.98* 0.24 0.05-1.24 0.52 0.11-1.50 0.66 0.07-1.14
High pedshed (high connectivity)b 0.60 0.26-1.37 0.72 0.23-2.22 0.50 0.18-0.95 0.35 0.22-1.17
Low RTVxhigh pedshed# 8.04 1.36-47.56* 6.19 0.86-44.57 4.83 1.09-21.50* 5.58 1.11-27.96*
Neighborhood is safe enough for children to cycle to school with friends‡c    2.39 1.57-3.64*** 1.64 0.99-2.72 1.74 1.08-2.80*
My child would have to cross a busy road‡d    0.51 1.41-2.79*** 0.68 0.48-0.96* 0.77 0.47-1.27
Child has a lot to carry‡d      0.50 0.27-0.93* 0.43 0.21-0.89*
Driving child to school is more convenient‡d      0.51 0.31-0.85* 0.42 0.23-0.74**
Perceives child's preference is to cycle‡e      7.58 3.99-14.42*** 5.08 2.62-9.87***
Confident in child's ability to cycle without adult‡c      10.60 3.85-29.25*** 10.39 3.79-28.48***
Cycling is child's preferencee        5.68 3.23-9.98***
Cycling to school is coolc        1.85 1.19-2.88**
Confident in ability to cycle to school without adultc        3.42 1.30-9.00*
  1. RTV = road traffic volume, OR = odds ratio, CI = confidence interval, *p ≤ 0.05 **p ≤ 0.01 ***p ≤ 0.001,Parent perception, #Interaction term. Reference categories: aHigh RTV bLow pedshed cStrongly disagree/disagree/neither, dDisagree/not applicable, eYes vs. No
  2. All models adjusted for school clustering, school grade and maternal education.