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Table 4 Environmental, social and individual variables associated with girls cycling to/from school ≥ 1 trip/week in logistic regression models.

From: On your bike! a cross-sectional study of the individual, social and environmental correlates of cycling to school

  Model 1
(Objective environment)
Model 2
(Model 1 + perceptions of environment)
Model 3
(Model 2 + social factors)
Model 4
(Model 3 + individual factors)
Variables OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Neighborhood is safe enough for children to cycle to school with friends‡a    2.21 1.16-4.24** 1.72 0.89-3.32 1.73 0.89-3.38
My child would have to cross a busy road‡b    0.32 0.19-0.56*** 0.37 0.23-0.61*** 0.44 0.25-0.76**
I would have to cross a busy roada    0.42 0.23-0.78** 0.55 0.30-1.01 0.59 0.30-1.15
Driving child to school is more convenient‡b      0.44 0.23-0.83** 0.40 0.20-0.82**
Perceives child's preference is to cycle‡c      10.18 5.30-19.55*** 7.69 3.77-15.66***
Confident in child's ability to cycle without adult‡a      3.63 1.93-6.82*** 4.03 2.02-8.05***
Adult home after school on most daysc        0.41 0.20-0.83**
Cycling is child's preferencec        3.73 2.26-6.17***
Confident in ability to cycle to school without adulta        2.13 1.29-3.52**
  1. OR = odds ratio, CI = confidence interval, *p ≤ 0.05 **p ≤ 0.01 ***p ≤ 0.001,Parent perception
  2. Reference categories: aStrongly disagree/disagree/neither, bDisagree/not applicable, cYes vs. No
  3. All models have been adjusted for school clustering, school grade and maternal education