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Table 3 Multiple regression models for odds of engaging in any walking to work stratified according to car availability within the household

From: Correlates of time spent walking and cycling to and from work: baseline results from the commuting and health in Cambridge study

  Model B1 Model B2
  No car
OR (95% CI) p
Car
OR (95% CI) p
No car
OR (95% CI) p
Car
OR (95% CI) p
Individual and household characteristics     
   Gender (reference: male)     
   Female 2.18 (1.03-4.64) 0.041 1.74 (1.24-2.44) 0.001 1.96 (0.92-4.17) 0.080 1.80 (1.26-2.56) 0.005
Driving licence (reference: no)
Yes
0.37 (0.18-0.74) 0.005 0.44 (0.23-0.81) 0.010 0.40 (0.19-0.81) 0.012 0.54 (0.28-1.02) 0.060
   Distance (reference: lives < 3 km from work)     
   Lives ≥ 3 km from work 0.28 (0.13-0.60) 0.001 0.48 (0.29-0.79) 0.004 0.36 (0.17-0.77) 0.009 0.63 (0.38-1.06) 0.08
Psychological measures of car use     
   Attitude score (reference: low attitude)     
   Mid attitude score 0.60 (0.23-1.59) 0.313 1.19 (0.77-1.84) 0.409 - -
   High attitude score 1.73 (0.61-4.88) 0.300 1.50 (0.97-2.32) 0.067   
   PBC score (reference: low PBC)     
   Mid PBC score 0.50 (0.19-1.30) 0.158 0.89 (0.59-1.35) 0.599 - -
   High PBC score 0.55 (0.03-8.29) 0.669 0.56 (0.35-0.90) 0.017   
Perceptions of the route environment a     
   It is pleasant to walk - - 4.73 (1.67-13.37) 0.003 4.12 (2.93-5.81) 0.001
   There is convenient public transport - - 1.66 (0.82-23.36) 0.158 1.45 (1.05-1.99) 0.022
   There is little traffic - - 0.44 (0.15-1.50) 0.211 0.36 (0.18-0.72) 0.004
  1. CI confidence intervals; p p-value; PBC Perceived behavioural control; - not entered into the model; a the reference category is strongly disagree, disagree or neither disagree nor agree.