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Table 4 Multiple regression models for odds of spending ≤ 149 minutes and ≥ 150 minutes of cycling to and from work

From: Correlates of time spent walking and cycling to and from work: baseline results from the commuting and health in Cambridge study

  Model A Model B1 Model B2
  1-149 mins cycling OR(95% CI) p > 150 mins cycling OR(95% CI) p 1-149 mins cycling OR(95% CI) p > 150 mins cycling OR(95% CI) p 1-149 mins cycling OR(95% CI) p > 150 mins cycling OR(95% CI) p
Individual and household characteristics       
   Gender (reference: male)       
   Female 0.52 (0.33-0.82) 0.009 0.44 (0.29-0.66) 0.001 0.52 (0.32-0.82) 0.006 0.44 (0.28-0.67) 0.001 0.51 (0.32-0.81) 0.005 0.44 (0.29-0.66) 0.001
   Highest educational qualification (reference: less than degree)       
   Degree or higher 1.28 (0.80-2.04) 0.057 1.77 (1.15-2.72) 0.009 1.22 (0.75-1.97) 0.414 1.74 (1.10-2.75) 0.016 1.35 (0.83-2.20) 0.221 1.80 (1.15-2.80) 0.009
   Weight status (reference: normal weight)       
   Overweight 0.55 (0.34-0.90) 0.019 0.57 (0.37-0.89) 0.014 0.57 (0.34-0.94) 0.028 0.59 (0.37-0.93) 0.026 0.54 (0.32-0.89) 0.018 0.57 (0.36-0.90) 0.018
   Obese 0.31 (0.14-0.70) 0.005 0.38 (0.19-0.76) 0.011 0.36 (0.16-0.81) 0.014 0.48 (0.23-1.00) 0.052 0.32 (0.14-0.73) 0.007 0.39 (0.19-0.81) 0.019
Limiting long term illness (reference: no)
Yes
1.11 (0.57-2.16) 0.752 0.42 (0.19-0.88) 0.022 1.27 (0.64-2.55) 0.485 0.53 (0.24-1.17) 0.122 1.11 (0.55-2.25) 0.756 0.44 (0.20-0.94) 0.036
Number of children (reference: none)
One or more
2.11 (1.34-3.32) 0.001 1.40 (0.93-2.14) 0.112 2.00 (1.25-3.18) 0.003 1.29 (0.83-2.02) 0.253 2.31 (1.45-3.70) 0.001 1.46 (0.95-2.26) 0.084
   Car access × Distance (reference: access to a car lives ≥ 5 km from work)       
   Car, lives < 5 km from work 13.9 (8.33-23.19) 0.001 5.05 (3.07-8.30) 0.001 9.24 (5.38-15.88) 0.001 3.15 (1.85-5.38) 0.001 10.29 (6.07-17.4) 0.001 4.00 (2.41-6.65) 0.001
   No car, lives ≥ 5 km from work 1.19 (0.32-4.42) 0.789 3.28 (1.44-7.47) 0.005 0.73 (0.19-2.82) 0.655 1.99 (0.83-4.79) 0.122 1.06 (0.28-4.08) 0.922 2.93 (1.25-6.88) 0.013
   No car, lives < 5 km from work 4.41 (2.36-8.51) 0.001 2.50 (1.41-4.42) 0.002 2.34(1.18-4.64) 0.015 1.27 (0.67-2.41) 0.449 3.31 (2.88-6.31) 0.001 2.01 (1.12-3.62) 0.019
Psychological measures of car use       
   Intention (ref: low intention)       
   Mid intention score - - n.i n.i - -
   High intention score       
   Attitude (ref: low attitude)       
   Mid attitude score - - 0.73 (0.40-1.31) 0.301 1.29 (0.76-2.17) 0.335 - -
   High attitude score    0.28 (0.16-0.49) 0.001 0.19 (0.11-0.33) 0.001   
   PBC (ref: low PBC)       
   Mid PBC score - - n.i n.i - -
   High PBC score       
Social norm (ref: low social norm)
Mid social norm score
High social norm score
- - n.i n.i - -
   Habit score (reference: low habits)       
   High habit score - - n.i n.i   
Perceptions of the route environment a       
   The roads are dangerous for cyclists - - - - n.i n.i
   There are convenient routes for cycling - - - - 4.60(2.88-7.34) 0.001 3.14 (2.11-4.66) 0.001
   There is little traffic - - - - n.i n.i
   It is safe to cross the road - - - - n.i n.i
Urban-rural Status (reference = urban)       
   Rural - - - - n.i n.i
  1. CI confidence intervals; p, p value; PBC Perceived behavioural control; - not entered into the model; n.i, not included in the model; a the reference category is strongly disagree, disagree or neither disagree nor agree