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Table 5 Multiple regression models for odds of engaging in < 149 minutes and ≥ 150 minutes of cycling to and from work, stratified according to car availability within the household

From: Correlates of time spent walking and cycling to and from work: baseline results from the commuting and health in Cambridge study

  Model B1: Personal & psychological factors Model B2: Personal & environmental factors
  No car Car No car Car
  1-149 mins cycling OR(95% CI) p > 150 mins cycling OR(95% CI) p 1-149 mins cycling OR(95% CI) p > 150 mins cycling OR(95% CI) p 1- 149 mins cycling OR(95% CI) p > 150 mins cycling OR(95% CI) p 1- 149 mins cycling OR(95% CI) p > 150 mins cycling OR(95% CI) p
Personal factors         
   Gender (ref = male)         
   Female 0.67 (0.22-2.01) 0.486 0.58 (0.22-1.48)0.258 0.46 (0.27-0.78)0.004 0.41 (0.25-0.66)0.001 0.72 (0.24-2.14)0.566 0.54 (0.22-1.36)0.196 0.45 (0.26-0.76)0.003 0.41 (0.26-0.66) 0.001
   Highest educational qualification (ref = < degree)         
   Degree or higher 1.25 (0.32-4.87) 0.741 1.46 (0.45-4.67)0.459 1.19 (0.71-2.00)0.500 1.70 (1.07-2.94)0.035 1.24 (0.31-4.81)0.755 1.18 (0.38-3.61)0.767 1.36 (0.80-2.32)0.247 1.94 (1.18-3.17) 0.008
   Weight status (ref = normal weight)         
   Overweight 0.41 (0.09-1.85)0.248 0.68 (0.20-2.27)0.538 0.55 (0.32-0.95)0.034 0.54 (0.32-0.90)0.020 0.41 (0.09-1.83) 0.244 0.60 (0.18-1.94) 0.402 0.53 (0.30-0.92)0.024 0.54 (0.33-0.89) 0.017
   Obese 0.59 (0.04-7.28)0.681 2.23 (0.35-13.84)0.395 0.34 (0.14-0.83)0.018 0.38 (0.16-0.89)0.026 0.65 (0.05-7.86) 0.735 1.73 (0.28-10.4) 0.545 0.29 (0.11-0.71)0.007 0.30 (0.13-0.69) 0.005
Limiting illness (ref = no)
Yes
0.71 (0.14-3.59)0.681 0.48 (0.10-2.20)0.352 1.48 (0.68-3.23)0.314 0.51 (0.19-1.34)0.174 0.78 (0.15-4.10) 0.774 0.54 (0.12-2.34) 0.416 1.22 (0.55-2.69)0.620 0.38 (0.15-0.97) 0.045
School aged children (ref = none)
More than one
16.07(0.14-166.7) 0.02 7.20 (0.67-77.18)0.103 1.75 (1.07-2.85)0.023 1.21 (0.76-1.94)0.413 14.63 (1.47-145.7) 0.02 5.55 (0.12-56.4)0.147 2.06 (1.26-3.39)0.004 1.40 (0.89-2.21) 0.143
Car ownership (ref = no)
yes
- - - - - - - -
Distance (ref = < 5 km)
> 5 km
0.31 (0.07-1.32)0.114 1.39 (0.51-3.81)0.511 0.11 (0.06-0.19)0.001 0.33 (0.19-0.58)0.001 0.31 (0.07-1.31)0.114 1.33 (0.50-3.49) 0.558 0.09 (0.05-0.16)0.001 0.25 (0.15-0.42) 0.001
Psychological measures of car use         
   Attitude (ref = low attitude)         
   Mid attitude score 1.27 (0.28-5.73)0.754 4.58 (1.38-15.21) 0.013 0.61 (0.31-1.19)0.151 0.91 (0.49-1.66)0.763     
   High attitude score 0.48 (0.10-2.18)0.348 0.56 (0.16-1.96)0.372 0.24 (0.12-0.44)0.001 0.14 (0.08-0.26)0.001     
Perceptions of the route environment a         
   There are convenient routes for cycling      2.14 (0.71-6.45) 0.173 1.91 (0.77-4.76)0.160 5.37 (3.20-9.02)0.001 3.51 (2.26-5.47) 0.001
  1. CI, Confidence Intervals; p, p value; n.i, not included in the model; a the reference category is strongly disagree, disagree or neither disagree nor agree