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Table 2 Mean weight and BMI change from baseline to endpoint in intervention groups

From: Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of lifestyle interventions on physical activity and eating habits in persons with severe mental disorders: A systematic review

author number baseline weight (kg) endpoint weight (kg) baseline BMI (kg/m2) endpoint BMI (kg/m2) changes in weight (kg) changes in BMI (kg/m2)
Scocco et al. [62]1 10 75,33 76,32 27,53   0,99 NS  
Evans et al. [64] 29 82,80 84,80 28,80 29,50 2,00 NI 0,70 NI
Littrell et al. [59] 35 81,12 81,49 26,26 26,39 0,37 NS 0,13 NS
Vreeland et al. [68] 31 100,20 97,48 34,32 33,34 -2,72 NI -0,98 NI
Weber & Wyne [58] 8 86,64 84,20 33,00 32,05 -2,44 NS -0,95 NS
McKibbin et al. [61] 32 100,83 98,52 33,60 32,90 -2,31 NI -0,70 NI
Wu et al. [65] 32 64,70 63,40 24,60 23,10 -1,30 ** -1,50 **
Mauri et al. [63]2 22 83,90 80,30 30,00 28,70 -3,60 ** -1,30 **
Wu et al. [60] 28 78,40 74,20 30,43 28,84 -4,20 * -1,59 *
Ball et al. [57] 21 107,91 105,60 36,90 36,20 -2,31 NI -0,70 NI
Skrinar et al. [66] 15 97,10 94,90 32,90 32,30 -2,20 NI -0,60 NI
Kwon et al. [67]3 33    26,81 25,31 -3,94 NI -1,50 NI
Menza et al. [69] 31 100,20 97,20 34,30 32,60 -3,00 ** -1,70 **
Brar et al. [83]4 34 101,30 99,30    -2,00 ** -0,90 **
  1. 1 Scocco et al. (2006): controls received intervention from week 9-24; results presented are the results after 8 weeks
  2. 2 Mauri et al. (2008): controls received intervention from week 12-24; results presented are the results after 12 weeks
  3. 3 Kwon et al. (2006): no information on baseline and endpoint weight, only on changes in weight
  4. 4 Brar et al. (2005): no information on baseline and endpoint BMI, only on changes in BMI
  5. * significant difference in weight or BMI change from baseline to endpoint in intervention groups (p < .001)
  6. ** significant difference in weight or BMI change from baseline to endpoint in intervention groups (p < .05)
  7. Abbreviations: kg = kilogramme; BMI = Body Mass Index; NS = not significant; NI = no information on significance