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Table 3 Mean weight and BMI change from baseline to endpoint in control groups

From: Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of lifestyle interventions on physical activity and eating habits in persons with severe mental disorders: A systematic review

author number baseline weight (kg) endpoint weight (kg) baseline BMI (kg/m2) endpoint BMI (kg/m2) changes in weight (kg) changes in BMI (kg/m2)
Scocco et al. [62]1 10 80,36 82,32 27,05   2,96 **  
Evans et al. [64] 22 80,20 86,20 27,20 29,20 6,00 NI 2,00 NI
Littrell et al. [59] 35 81,93 85,18 27,17 28,18 3,25 * 1,01 *
Vreeland et al. [68] 15 93,62 96,52 33,40 34,60 2,90 NI 1,20 NI
Weber & Wyne [58] 9 91,08 90,49 33,00 32,76 -0,59 NS -0,24 NS
McKibbin et al. [61] 32 96,21 99,29 32,90 33,90 3,08 NI 1,00 NI
Wu et al. [65] 32 64,60 67,20 24,50 25,40 2,60 ** 0,90 **
Mauri et al. [63]2 27 86,20 86,40 31,10 31,10 0,20 NS 0,00 NS
Wu et al. [60] 28 77,80 78,80 30,27 30,62 1,00 NI 0,35 NI
Ball et al. [57] 11 87,41 87,18 29,00 28,90 -0,23 NI -0,10 NI
Skrinar et al. [66] 15 90,90 92,10 31,80 32,30 1,20 NI 0,50 NI
Kwon et al. [67]3 15    27,99 27,40 -1,48 NI -0,59 NI
Menza et al. [69] 20 87,45 90,63 32,20 34,80 3,18 NI 2,60 NI
Brar et al. [83]4 37 98,90 97,80    -1,10 ** -0,50 **
  1. 1 Scocco et al. (2006): controls received intervention from week 9-24; results presented are the results after 8 weeks
  2. 2 Mauri et al. (2008): controls received intervention from week 12-24; results presented are the results after 12 weeks
  3. 3 Kwon et al. (2006): no information on baseline and endpoint weight, only on changes in weight
  4. 4 Brar et al. (2005): no information on baseline and endpoint BMI, only on changes in BMI
  5. * significant difference in weight or BMI change from baseline to endpoint in intervention groups (p < .001)
  6. ** significant difference in weight or BMI change from baseline to endpoint in intervention groups (p < .05)
  7. Abbreviations: kg = kilogramme; BMI = Body Mass Index; NS = not significant; NI = no information on significance