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Table 1 Comparison of child and parent-reported questionnaire data and pedometer data among the analytical sample and cases excluded in the current study

From: A cross-sectional study of the individual, social, and built environmental correlates of pedometer-based physical activity among elementary school children

   Excluded cases (n = 553) Analytical sample (n = 927)  
Variables % % p
Home ownership* Renting 28.8 23.9 0.084
  Owned/purchasing 71.2 76.1  
Marital status* Married/defacto 80.5 78.2 0.370
  Other 19.5 21.8  
Dependents at home <18 yrs* One child 10.7 12.6 0.370
  ≥2 children 89.3 87.4  
Sex Male 53.7 45.7 0.003
  Female 46.3 54.3  
Grade of student Grade 5 25.1 27.3 0.211
  Grade 6 34.4 36.8  
  Grade 7 40.5 35.9  
Highest education completed by any parent* ≤High school 25.5 23.4 0.266
  Diploma/trade/other 53.2 51.1  
  ≥Bachelor degree 21.3 25.5  
Child usually driven to and from school No 40.1 35.8 0.147
  Yes 59.9 64.2  
Screen-based activity time* <2 hours/day 18.1 27.5 <0.001
  ≥2 hours/day 81.9 72.5  
Dog ownership * Owner 55.2 57.1 0.547
  Non-owner 44.8 42.9  
Child has friends in the neighborhood Many friends 69.5 68.7 0.762
  Few friends 30.5 31.3  
Distance to nearest friends house from home* >10 minute walk 35.0 38.6 0.226
  ≤10 minute walk 65.0 61.4  
Distance to nearest relatives house from home* >10 minute walk 83.8 83.2 0.773
  ≤10 minute walk 16.2 16.8  
Have to drive child to park with suitable equipment Yes 39.9 35.9 0.179
  No 60.1 64.1  
Play in any street, park, or go for walk without an adult* Not allowed 20.2 14.0 0.006
  Allowed 79.8 86.0  
School neighborhood walkability score High 47.7 45.6 0.431
  Low 52.3 54.4  
School neighborhood socioeconomic status High 32.4 41.2 <0.001
  Medium 33.1 35.8  
  Low 34.5 23.0  
Pedometer-based physical activity Not achieving suggested steps 79.5 74.1 0.058
  Achieving suggested steps 20.5 25.9  
  1. * Indicates data collected from parent questionnaire; pedometer-based cut-points: ≥12000 steps/day for girls and ≥15000 steps/day for boys
  2. N = 1480 participated in child survey; N = 1314 participated in parent survey; N = 1291 children participated in pedometer data collection.
  3. Note: Excluded cases were those not participating in all components of the study as well as those not providing complete or valid data