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Table 1 Type of milk feeding, decisions and advice (21 items)

From: Development of a questionnaire to assess maternal attitudes towards infant growth and milk feeding practices

Question wording   Test-retest reliability a Validity b Frequency c
What feeding methods are you currently using? (n = 40) Questiond %Agreemente Kappaf %Agreemente Kappaf n(%)
Breast milk directly from the breast 1a 100.0 1.00 100.0 1.00 18(45)
Expressed breast milk from bottle 1b 97.3 0.91 91.9 0.68 7(18)
Formula milk, made up from powder or concentrate 1c 100.0 1.00 100.0 1.00 25(63)
Ready-to use formula milk 1d 91.9 0.79 75.7 0.24 12(30)
Others 1e 86.5 0.47 86.5 0.25 7(18)
When deciding how often to feed your baby, do you usually? (n = 40)
A)Feed your baby on demand 2a 88.9 0.75 75.7 0.49 14(35)
B) Follow a routine 2b 91.4 0.72 83.8 0.42 9(23)
Do a combination of A and B 2c 82.9 0.66 70.3 0.40 21(50)
When deciding how much to feed your baby, do you usually? (n = 40)
Follow guidance 17 92.1 0.36 91.9 -0.04 3(7)
Depend on baby's appetite       37(93)
Depend on baby's growth       0(0)
Which brand, and type of formula milk do you usually use? (n = 26)
Brand 6a 87.5 0.83 87.5 0.83  
Type 6b 82.6 0.71 79.0 0.65  
If you make up formula from milk powder, are the scoops usually? (n = 25)
rounded/heaped OR flat 11a 92.7 0.85 Insufficient responses 0(0)
loosely packed OR tightly packed 11b 78.3 0.56 54.6 0.07 14(56)
do you add powder first OR water first 11c 100.0 1.00 100.0 1.00 1(4)
If you received/read advice on formula
feed preparation, we would like to know which advice you followed. (n = 25)
Midwife 12a 78.3 0.57 66.7 0.23 9(36)
Health visitor 12b 73.9 0.59 45.8 0.07 12(48)
Friends 12c 87.0 0.76 50.0 0.11 13(52)
Family 12d 78.3 0.59 41.7 0.02 13(52)
Formula milk packet or tin 12e 73.9 0.55 62.5 0.32 22(88)
Leaflet 12f 90.9 0.81 75.0 0.10 6(24)
Other 12 g 100.0 1.00 95.0 0.77 2(10)
  1. aTest-retest reliability-1st and 2nd questionnaires
  2. bValidity-1st questionnaire and interview
  3. cFrequency of respondents 1st questionnaire - for Question 11a- answering scoops rounded/heaped; 11b loosely packed; 11c added powder first. For Question 12a-12 g answering followed all or some of the advice.
  4. dQuestion- Question number
  5. eAgreement- Percentage exact agreement- over 66% good agreement
  6. fKappa- Chance corrected agreement or Cohen's Kappa- < 0 poor; 0-0.20 slight; 0.21-0.40 fair; 0.41-0.60 moderate; 0.61-0.8 substantial; 0.81-1 almost perfect