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Table 1 Demographic and Descriptive Characteristics of Adult Patrons at Fast Food Restaurants in NYC and Newark, NJ

From: Consumer purchasing patterns in response to calorie labeling legislation in New York City

  New York City Newark, NJ Significance
  Before Labeling
(n = 384)
After Labeling
(n = 442)
Before Labeling
(n = 182)
After Labeling
(n = 162)
Pre-labeling Post-labeling Pre-post NYC Pre-post Newark
Mean Age (std. error) 39.1 (0.74) 38.8 (0.68) 40.4 (0.90) 37.7 (.97) *    
Race/Ethnicity (%)      *** ***   
White 9.9 6.8 6.0 4.9     
Black 57.0 63.0 74.2 81.5     
Latino 25.5 21.6 14.3 9.3     
Asian/Hawaiian Pacific Islander 2.3 1.6 1.7 1.2     
Other 4.4 5.9 1.7 0.6     
Females (%) 61.8 65.1 59.8 59.0     
Observer-Estimated Percent Obese (based on estimated BMI) 9.1 8.1 8.2 7.3     
Restaurant Chain (%)      *** *** ***  
McDonalds 45.6 34.4 25.4 29.6     
Burger King 11.9 12.0 31.2 30.3     
Wendy's 25.6 36.0 20.8 15.4     
Kentucky Fried Chicken 17.0 17.7 22.5 24.7     
  1. *p <0.10; **p<0.05; ***p<0.01;
  2. ¶ test of significance between NYC v. Newark pre-labeling; NYC v. Newark post-labeling; pre v. post labeling in NYC; pre v. post labeling in Newark