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Table 2 Differences in Beverage and Food Consumption between Adult Patrons at Fast Food Restaurants in NYC and Newark, NJ

From: Consumer purchasing patterns in response to calorie labeling legislation in New York City

  New York City Newark, NJ Significance
  Before Labeling
(n = 384)
After Labeling
(n = 442)
Before Labeling
(n = 182)
After Labeling
(n = 162)
Pre-labeling Post-labeling Pre-post NYC Pre-post Newark Difference-in-Difference†
Caloric Beverage (yes) 47/384 = 12% 81/442 = 18% 67/182 = 37% 23/162 = 14% ***   ** *** **
Ordered a Salad (yes) 50/384 = 13% 36/442 = 8% 15/182 = 8% 5/162 = 3% * ** ** **  
Type of Salad Dressing (regular) 6/50 = 12% 14/36 = 39% 6/15 = 40% 1/5 = 20% **   ***   ***
Orders of French Fries 121/384 = 32% 162/442 = 37% 58/182 = 32% 50/162 = 31%      
Use of Cheese 131/251 = 52% 142/262 = 54% 64/115 = 56% 61/85 = 72%   ***   **  
Dessert (yes) 67/384 = 17% 59/442 = 13% 30/182 = 16% 15/162 = 9%    * **  
Mean Number of Fast Food Breakfasts per Week 1.21 1.28 1.69 1.49   *    
Mean Number of Fast Food Lunches per Week 2.30 2.33 2.69 2.49 * *    
Mean Number of Fast Food Dinners per Week 1.29 1.09 1.58 1.28   ** *   
Mean Number of Snacks per Week 1.31 1.19 1.29 1.22   ***    
Mean Number of Fast Food Meals per Week (including snacks) 6.1 5.8 7.3 6.4 * *    
  1. *p≤0.10; **p <0.05; ***p <0.01;
  2. ¶ test of significance between NYC v. Newark pre-labeling; NYC v. Newark post-labeling; pre v. post labeling in NYC; pre v. post labeling in Newark
  3. † Difference-in-difference analysis controlling for age, race, gender, and restaurant type and standard errors were clustered at the restaurant level