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Table 3 Economic outcomes from reducing the prevalence of physical inactivity

From: The economic benefits of reducing physical inactivity: an Australian example

Economic outcomes Feasible reduction targeta
   95% Confidence Interval
  Mean
(AUD million)
Lower Limit
(AUD million)
Upper Limit
(AUD million)
Health sector costs 96 n/a n/a
Production Costs FCA 12 7 18
Recruitment and training costs 5 n/a n/a
Taxation effects FCAb 2 1 4
Leisure based production 79 60 103
Home based production 71 61 82
Total production FCAc 162 136 192
Sensitivity analysis    
Production Costs HCA 138 114 161
Taxation effects HCAb 12 10 15
Total production HCAc 288 253 326
  Progressive target reduction
Health sector costs 48 n/a n/a
Production Costs FCA 6 3 9
Recruitment and training costs 2 n/a n/a
Taxation effects FCAb 1 0.26 2
Leisure based production 40 30 51
Home based production 36 30 41
Total production FCAc 81 68 96
Sensitivity analysis    
Production Costs HCA 69 58 81
Taxation effects HCAb 6 5 8
Total production HCAc 145 127 164
  1. aThese are not estimates of immediately realizable cash savings bTaxation is treated as a transfer payment and should not be added to production effects. cTotal production is the sum of workforce production costs, household- and leisure-based production. All estimates uncorrected for joint effects of the presence of multiple risk factors in individuals. HCA: Human Capital Approach; FCA Friction Cost Approach (preferred conservative estimate). Health sector, leisure and home based production based on persons 15+ years. Production, recruitment and training and taxation effects based on persons 15-64 years.